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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 Stephen McDonagh (+353) 1 498 4364
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-5015
CSO statistical release, 30 September 2013, 11am

International Trade in Services

2012

       € million
Services
ExportsImportsNet Balance ExportsImportsNet Balance
20112012
Total81,46883,168-1,70090,29587,0893,206
  of which:      
    UK15,00210,1264,87617,34010,1847,156
    Germany7,6592,7344,9258,0322,9365,096
    USA5,67625,003-19,3277,95022,670-14,720
    France4,6542,9321,7225,5933,2152,378
        

Service surplus of €3.2bn in 2012

ITS2012AFIG1

Total service exports increased by €8.8bn from €81.5bn in 2011 to €90.3bn in 2012.   An increase of €3.9bn in service imports from €83.2bn in 2011 to €87.1bn in 2012 was not as significant as the rise in service exports. As a result, the service balance moved from a deficit of €1.7bn in 2011 to a surplus of €3.2bn in 2012 – the highest service balance since records began.  

Computer services at €35.7bn was the largest export category and accounted for 40 per cent of total service exports in 2012. The residual category Other Business services at €35.6bn was the largest import category while imports of Royalties/Licences were €32.8bn.   When combined,  these two import categories accounted for 78 per cent of total service imports in 2012 (see Table 1).

Service exports to the UK increased by €2.3bn between 2011 and 2012, mainly in the Other Business services category (see Tables 2a & 2b). Exports to France and Italy were up €0.9bn and €0.7bn respectively, mainly in the categories Computer services and Other Business services.  Exports to both Switzerland and Luxembourg fell by €1.5bn and €1.1bn, mainly in the Other Business services category.   

Service exports to the US increased by €2.3bn across a range of categories including Royalties, Communications & Computer services (+€1.4bn), Other Business services (+€0.5bn) and Financial services (+€0.3bn).  Japan accounted for €1.2bn of the increased exports to Asia  (+€2.3bn). 

Service imports from Netherlands increased by €3.1bn between 2011 and 2012, while imports from the US fell by €2.3bn mainly in Management services (-€2.7bn) with an offsetting an increase in Royalties imports (+€0.5bn).  Imports from Bermuda increased by €1.5bn. 

Table 1 Exports and Imports of Services by Category, 2011 and 2012 € million
         
  2011 1 2012
Item ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
Services 81,46883,168-1,700 90,29587,0893,206
Transport 4,3521,6452,707 4,6091,6752,934
Tourism and travel  3,0104,817-1,807 3,0224,609-1,587
Communications 479977-498 6271,089-462
Insurance 8,0575,9862,071 8,9106,2602,650
Financial services 6,5944,7061,888 7,0734,6082,465
Computer services  31,41350230,911 35,68134935,332
Royalties/Licences 3,60329,361-25,758 3,88832,755-28,867
Other business services 23,36934,982-11,613 25,93235,552-9,620
      Merchanting 6,640n.a.6,640 7,040n.a.7,040
      Other trade related services 1,51210,432-8,920 1,99111,826-9,835
      Operational leasing 6,8121,4535,359 7,4961,4926,004
      Legal, accounting and other professional services *748* *779*
      Advertising and market research *3,798* *3,922*
      Research and development 3555,151-4,796 7055,041-4,336
      Architectural engineering and other technical services 369161208 301111190
      Management services between affiliates 1,1137,051-5,938 8974,630-3,733
      Other  4,8836,186-1,303 5,2217,753-2,532
Other services n.e.s. 594193401 555192363
n.a. Not applicable - see Background Notes.
1Revised
* Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in 'Other Business Services' total
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2012  € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Transport Tourism and Travel1 Communications Insurance Financial services Computer services2 Royalties/Licences Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImportsExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
               
Europe55,02848,140 4,214880 1,8793,257 350857 6,5794,0804,9041,558 27,348204 1,09621,110 28681 8,37316,110
 of which:                            
      Belgium1,8201,721 2520 3326 ** 6642 261* 735* ** 07 6331,494
      France 5,5933,215 10848 189322 ** 696707 16765 3,02129 *353 8* 1,2991,639
      Germany 8,0322,936 33691 227107 20* 624612 253191 5,98221 *40 ** 5211,811
      Italy 5,3832,523 37032 107211 ** 1,740742 608359 1,3427 ** 00 1,1451,157
      Luxembourg-601* 00 44 00 1616 699* 179* ** *0 -1,73490
      Netherlands 3,90214,710 839 5155 *-3 247126 16720 2,481* ** 00 8761,948
      Spain2,6661,629 52827 181961 ** 13776 11523 1,0740 ** 00 582504
      Sweden1,773333 00 4719 ** 16685 7412 1,05317 ** 00 400169
      Switzerland2,1462,076 23* 00 ** 6786 14068 1,490* 20* *0 402985
      United Kingdom 17,34010,184 2,726511 849901 261656 2,2831,235 1,995539 4,639107 3651,097 24061 3,9835,077
                           
    EMU 17 329,12834,019 1,468276 8422,149 60160 3,6392,3812,378824 16,08871 67319,125 2015 3,9589,018
    EU 27 451,37645,379 4,192787 1,8753,179 345846 6,3033,8774,4971,401 23,938197 1,07020,278 28678 8,86914,736
                           
North America9,19523,067 293315 745668 *15 1,3591,2638902,730 *75 ** 124* 3,03410,740
 of which:                            
      Canada1,245396 1412 8578 0* 217137 5611 *0 ** 04 803133
      United States 7,95022,670 279303 660590 ** 1,1421,126 8332,719 *75 ** 124* 2,23110,607
                             
Central America1,1984,755 00 00 ** 302476*25 160 *4,054 0* -13204
 of which:                            
      Bermuda7713,668 00 00 ** 132311 86* *0 *3,283 00 8066
                             
South America652164 00 00 ** 9553** *0 *0 00 40483
 of which:                            
      Brazil28648 00 00 00 192 ** *0 00 0* 18335
                            
Asia10,8542,544 428 470 ** 356211488165 ** *143 246 5,0071,927
 of which:                            
      China2,397218 00 400 00 167 ** *0 ** 01 1,460234
      Japan 2,713914 428 70 0* 6843 15039 1,3780 *198 ** 950604
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)59027 00 00 00 13* 16* *0 *0 00 33613
      Taiwan, Province of China50481 00 00 00 ** 7610 *0 *0 0* 138
                           
Africa 1,283277 00 00 00 974814519 5950 ** ** 421208
 of which:                            
      South Africa71078 00 00 00 317 4914 4650 ** ** 14155
                            
Oceania and Polar regions1,873* 00 056 09 **3317 ** 103* *0 883*
 of which:                            
      Australia1,670423 00 052 09 7436 2910 ** ** *0 789304
                            
Not geographically allocated 510,1827,630 98452 351628 121171 **6047 1,29141 324229 ** 7,8195,955
International Organisations30* 00 00 00 **0* 00 00 *0 4*
                            
Total90,29587,089 4,6091,675 3,0224,609 6271,089 8,9106,2607,0734,608 35,681349 3,88832,755 555192 25,93235,552
 of which:                            
      All offshore centres 62,5385,385 00 00 ** 423559 70081 2751 *4,059 0* 638651
                              
 
Table 2a Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2012 - continued   € million
Region/CountryMerchanting  Other trade related services Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Research and development Architectural engineering and other technical servicesManagement services between affiliates Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImportsExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe-707n.a. 1,3266,689 3,367282 242319 841,031 1331,336 214786042,444 3,1103,931 8,37316,110
 of which:                            
      Belgium294n.a. *251 42* *6 030 0* ** 13* 192* 6331,494
      France 644n.a. *1,178 242* *16 *66 *73 *0 2046 ** 1,2991,639
      Germany -488n.a. *1,343 3775 2533 *76 *78 *26 8352 *197 5211,811
      Italy 250n.a. *461 480* *9 052 0* 0* 834 *493 1,1451,157
      Luxembourg-1,889n.a. 016 *0 ** 00 00 00 ** *40 -1,73490
      Netherlands 359n.a. *348 256* *82 4123 046 5* 45* 135127 8761,948
      Spain69n.a. *194 1690 ** 069 0* 00 4929 122177 582504
      Sweden106n.a. *134 920 ** *5 ** *0 84 5218 400169
      Switzerland-181n.a. *400 760 44* *21 0* *0 *69 324100 402985
      United Kingdom 1,503n.a. 4081,710 61469 *145 21468 *466 2732 256389 *1,799 3,9835,077
                           
    EMU 17 3-410n.a. *4,035 1,718* 108* 22447 *447 137412531,843 *1,877 3,9589,018
    EU 27 41,371n.a. 1,1786,037 2,603249 199313 48990 132940 196755292,367 2,6173,764 8,86914,736
                           
North America*n.a. ** 550* ** *2,201 205* 10*53* 335* 3,03410,740
 of which:                            
      Canada*n.a. ** 129* ** 024 0* 00 0* 7* 803133
      United States 1,067n.a. 821,563 421838 ** *2,177 2033,166 8* 511,855 329886 2,23110,607
                             
Central America-1,239n.a. ** 181121 *2 00 00 *03018 ** -13204
 of which:                            
      Bermuda-836n.a. ** *0 *1 00 00 00 8* *16 8066
                             
South America61n.a. ** 334* 0* 02 0* 00** ** 40483
 of which:                            
      Brazil25n.a. ** 1520 00 0* 0* 00 ** *18 18335 
                            
Asia1,789n.a. *924 2,593207 1620 *215 *112 38*18580 140* 5,0071,927
 of which:                            
      China282n.a. ** 1,037* *7 0* *12 00 *31 2* 1,460234
      Japan 710n.a. *376 120131 *0 0* 024 00 ** 9735 950604
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)140n.a. 00 1810 00 06 0* *0 0* ** 33613
      Taiwan, Province of China-26n.a. 0* ** 00 00 00 00 00 *5 138
                           
Africa 58n.a. *64 20031 ** 0* 0* *0014 *29 421208
 of which:                            
      South Africa61n.a. ** 61* *0 0* 0* 00 0* 1517 14155
                            
Oceania and Polar regions755n.a. ** 91* ** 0* 042 00** 19* 883*
 of which:                            
      Australia683n.a. ** 72* ** 012 042 00 0* 16* 789304
                            
Not geographically allocated 5*n.a. 2942,342 180-6 40316 1,796397 *356 311125143 4942,402 7,8195,955
International Organisations2n.a. *0 00 00 0* ** 00** 0* 4*
                            
Total7,040n.a. 1,99111,826 7,4961,492 *779 *3,922 7055,041 3011118974,630 5,2217,753 25,93235,552
 of which:                            
      All offshore centres 6-981n.a. *203 348132 *8 *27 0* 130 17949 ** 638651
                              
1Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
2Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
3The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU27 area.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sechelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
n.a. Not applicable - see Background Notes.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2011 1  € million
Region/CountryTotal Services Transport Tourism and Travel2 Communications Insurance Financial services Computer services3 Royalties/Licences Other services n.e.s. Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImportsExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
               
Europe51,42544,961 3,966905 1,9423,395 265773 6,1063,6254,5991,651 23,069247 1,53218,951 33784 9,60915,330
 of which:                            
      Belgium1,4291,818 2420 2325 44 6436 272* 5461 11* 05 4891,507
      France 4,6542,932 11251 196326 1131 674734 152161 2,54637 *213 *0 8611,378
      Germany 7,6592,734 32995 243114 1744 557436 183192 ** *25 8* 1,3521,795
      Italy 4,6772,193 36135 103208 2* 1,662691 594324 9897 ** *0 870917
      Luxembourg4655,376 00 64 00 144 57916 1380 *5,378 *0 -603-29
      Netherlands 3,39711,642 841 6762 ** 203171 20016 2,00612 ** 00 5841,284
      Spain2,4931,718 50728 2351,009 2* 15991 9627 8650 ** *0 573548
      Sweden1,815473 00 3017 13* 21073 967 1,070* ** *0 381332
      Switzerland3,6901,880 2090 00 *2 5462 183108 1,1450 ** 0* 2,2521,016
      United Kingdom 15,00210,126 2,506522 864959 188635 1,918980 1,815510 4,139133 4121,357 28864 2,8714,966
                           
    EMU 17 427,89630,653 1,440293 9172,225 *112 3,4692,2432,210892 13,22994 1,02216,888 *14 5,5347,890
    EU 27 547,42942,327 3,946815 1,9393,315 261768 5,8533,4854,1661,441 20,235243 1,47818,311 33783 9,21313,859
                           
North America6,77125,362 291304 682693 8116 1,233*5912,692 *127 *6,713 120* 2,50013,418
 of which:                            
      Canada1,095357 1413 7779 10 137* 8334 *0 *0 0* 73070
      United States 5,67625,003 278292 606614 7915 1,0951,198 5082,657 152127 1,0696,713 12040 1,76913,348
                             
Central America1,9043,309 00 00 ** 22663741829 *0 *2,308 0* 929331
 of which:                            
      Bermuda1,2942,163 00 00 ** 114270 79* *0 ** 00 771142
                             
South America572111 00 00 00 *26** *0 ** 00 34455
 of which:                            
      Brazil25851 00 00 00 163 ** 00 00 ** 14028
                            
Asia8,5321,921 432 500 ** 255166550222 3,53533 20115 ** 3,9091,416
 of which:                            
      China2,160195 00 400 0* 126 ** *0 0* 01 1,351158
      Japan 1,533682 432 100 00 3321 15354 *0 120112 *1 390461
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)31839 00 00 00 8* 17* 2* *0 *0 26611
      Taiwan, Province of China46191 00 00 00 20* 9215 *0 *0 0* 2150
                           
Africa 1,288440 00 00 0* *5515419 6040 ** 00 **
 of which:                            
      South Africa612165 00 00 00 2824 42* 3820 *0 ** 125122
                            
Oceania and Polar regions1,432* 00 056 1* 341338* ** 88* *0 658267
 of which:                            
      Australia1,193330 00 052 0* 298 22* ** ** 00 525240
                            
Not geographically allocated 69,5326,658 91404 336673 123144 *110*9 3,41187 3101,366 10559 5,0043,813
International Organisations12* 00 00 00 0*0* 0* 0* *0 **
                            
Total81,46883,168 4,3521,645 3,0104,817 479977 8,0575,9866,5944,706 31,413502 3,60329,361 594193 23,36934,982
 of which:                            
      All offshore centres 73,0453,638 00 00 8* 366681 69886 2348 *2,284 ** 1,399576
                              
Table 2b Exports and Imports of Services Classified by Geographic Location, 2011 1 - continued  € million
Region/CountryMerchanting  Other trade related services Operational Leasing Legal, accounting and other professional services Advertising and market research Research and development Architectural engineering and other technical servicesManagement services between affiliates Other  Total other business services
 ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImportsExportsImports ExportsImports ExportsImports
    
Europe1,148n.a. 1,1167,007 2,906204 256378 *758 *1,086 2581117891,787 2,8764,001 9,60915,330
 of which:                            
      Belgium130n.a. *288 78* *14 *14 0* ** 8* 186* 4891,507
      France 223n.a. *1,054 226* *21 *44 ** *0 2117 ** 8611,378
      Germany 297n.a. *1,251 373* ** 1455 *55 ** 10232 *348 1,3521,795
      Italy 126n.a. *388 372* *25 *27 0* 00 112 *446 870917
      Luxembourg*n.a. 022 ** 02 00 00 00 ** *10 -603-29
      Netherlands 145n.a. *296 2045 ** ** 0* 4* 24745 *108 5841,284
      Spain155n.a. *272 1550 *17 *37 0* 00 28* 105* 573548
      Sweden80n.a. *269 1010 *10 *0 ** 0* 75 5729 381332
      Switzerland*n.a. *308 560 *10 *29 ** 00 133* 230* 2,2521,016
      United Kingdom 446n.a. 4161,696 53179 86161 64467 *343 5061 253352 *1,806 2,8714,966
                           
    EMU 17 4*n.a. *3,895 1,554* 104173 59220 *410 176*3741,054 1,3961,996 5,5347,890
    EU 27 51,944n.a. 1,0336,322 2,350201 198357 *723 *778 2521086521,487 2,5323,887 9,21313,859
                           
North America*n.a. ** ** ** 392,277 177* 24*874,531 ** 2,50013,418
 of which:                            
      Canada*n.a. ** *0 ** *21 0* 00 013 821 73070  
      United States 561n.a. ** 253* *121 *2,256 1763,532 24* 874,518 ** 1,76913,348  
                             
Central America-203n.a. ** 215236 *1 0* 00 *021* *45 929331
 of which:                            
      Bermuda*n.a. ** ** *0 00 00 00 8* *15 771142 
                             
South America27n.a. *0 3060 01 ** ** 0004 *36 34455
 of which:                            
      Brazil3n.a. 00 1340 00 00 0* 00 *0 ** 14028  
                            
Asia1,106n.a. *772 2,297140 *17 *59 0* 26**61 ** 3,9091,416
 of which:                            
      China225n.a. ** 1,039* *6 00 0* *0 0* ** 1,351158
      Japan 239n.a. *289 2255 ** 0* 014 00 48 *39 390461
      Korea, Republic of (South Korea)*n.a. ** 149* 00 02 00 00 0* 01 26611
      Taiwan, Province of China*n.a. 0* *0 00 00 00 00 00 5* 2150
                           
Africa 117n.a. *159 14734 *21 07 0* 6*0* ** **
 of which:                            
      South Africa57n.a. ** 49* 0* 07 0* *0 00 1013 125122 
                            
Oceania and Polar regions525n.a. ** 81* *11 *15 024 *1*14 17* 658267
 of which:                            
      Australia420n.a. ** *0 *3 *9 024 01 *14 15* 525240 
                            
Not geographically allocated 62,813n.a. 189852 46495 61194 1,075672 59388 512151639 248940 5,0043,813
International Organisations*n.a. *0 ** 0* 0* 00 0000 00 **
                            
Total6,640n.a. 1,51210,432 6,8121,453 *748 *3,798 3555,151 3691611,1137,051 4,8836,186 23,36934,982
 of which:                            
      All offshore centres 7-68n.a. ** 330244 *4 *5 0* 14* *37 ** 1,399576 
                              
1Revised
2Passenger fare receipts of resident carriers from foreign visitors are excluded from tourism and travel exports; such receipts are included under transport exports - see Background Notes.
3Covers exports and imports of software that was not incorporated as part of computer hardware or physical media but separately transmitted by electronic means. The value of sales and purchases of additional software licences is also included.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU27 area.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Bahrain, Barbados, Belize, Bermuda, British Virgin Islands, Cayman Islands, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Gibraltar, Grenada, Guernsey, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lebanon, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Marshall Islands, Mauritius, Montserrat, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Samoa, Sechelles, Singapore, St. Kitts and Nevis, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu.
n.a. Not applicable - see Background Notes.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in the higher level aggregates
Table 3 Exports and Imports of services classified by country, 2011 and 2012€ million
       
Region/Country2011 1 2012
 
       
ExportsImportsNet ExportsImportsNet
        
Afghanistan*** **-14
Albania404 *0*
Algeria12** 936
Angola862 1266
Antarctica*** 000
Argentina691455 692940
Armenia13013 -20-2
Australia1,193330863 1,6704231,247
Austria527196331 576150426
Bahamas17413 13013
Bahrain44341 46640
Bangladesh12012 606
Barbados*343* *135*
Belgium1,4291,818-389 1,8201,72199
Belize*0* 101
Benin000 ***
Bermuda1,2942,163-869 7713,668-2,897
Brazil25851207 28648238
British Virgin Islands 21** 45**
Bulgaria714031 1143777
Canada1,095357738 1,245396849
Cayman Islands472** 416**
Chile951481 1033568
China2,1601951,965 2,3972182,179
Colombia1102189 13630106
Croatia42357 36306
Curacao19** 18**
Cyprus*37* 34022318
Czech Republic271112159 266123143
Denmark1,049493556 1,144351793
Egypt33968271 28766221
El Salvador23023 *0*
Estonia2658-32 15114
Ethiopia17116 24024
Finland679145534 783176607
France4,6542,9321,722 5,5933,2152,378
Germany7,6592,7344,925 8,0322,9365,096
Gibraltar11** *36*
Greece18810682 17510372
Guernsey554114 844836
Hong Kong225103122 246143103
Hungary55272480 67947632
Iceland49742 38236
India1,031217814 1,4132451,168
Indonesia17925154 24832216
Isle of Man 166** 281315
Israel412102310 358140218
Italy4,6772,1932,484 5,3832,5232,860
Jamaica22517 615
Japan1,533682851 2,7139141,799
Jersey511041 14511134
Jordan271116 25520
Kazakhstan581048 68365
Kenya801268 391128
Korea, Republic of (South Korea)31839279 59027563
Kuwait60258 49**
Latvia34430 56155
Lebanon**18 21**
Libya1367 17125
Liechtenstein1376 8**
Lithuania35827 39435
Luxembourg4655,376-4,911 -601**
Malaysia1367363 20760147
Malta15** -67**
Mexico16036124 422121
Morocco301218 34727
Netherlands3,39711,642-8,245 3,90214,710-10,808
New Zealand15613143 13619117
Nigeria653134 674225
Norway979227752 921160761
Oman808 231013
Pakistan50446 41536
Panama9** 211011
Philippines631152 38371
Poland602282320 711246465
Portugal54544897 42138932
Qatar59554 70961
Romania854342 1051689
Russian Federation-1,563175-1,738 -332259-591
Rwanda*0* 404
Saudi Arabia30545260 46497367
Serbia39** 16214
Singapore696138558 688335353
Slovakia82739 55550
Slovenia401228 351025
South Africa612165447 71078632
Spain2,4931,718775 2,6661,6291,037
Sri Lanka*0* 24717
Sweden1,8154731,342 1,7733331,440
Switzerland3,6901,8801,810 2,1462,07670
Taiwan, Province of China46191370 50481423
Thailand47938 332013
Tokelau*0* *0*
Tunisia23617 18018
Turkey342162180 347105242
Ukraine942173 72072
United Arab Emirates50099401 47988391
United Kingdom15,00210,1264,876 17,34010,1847,156
United States5,67625,003-19,327 7,95022,670-14,720
Uruguay*0* *4*
Venezuela18612 27423
Viet Nam35530 54450
Virgin Islands, US0** 000
Yemen*0* 0**
International Organisations12** 30**
Not geographically allocated 29,5326,6582,874 10,1827,6302,552
Marginal trade 315248104 1364987
World total81,46883,168-1,700 90,29587,0893,206
1Revised.
2This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
3Subtotal for countries for which exports and imports are less than €10m.
*Suppressed for confidentiality reasons but included in world total

Background Notes

The International Trade in Services provides on an annual basis greater analysis of the service components and significantly more geographical detail, including a cross-classification of service components according to counterpart country/region. The data are collected and compiled within the BOP framework and as such are designed to comply in so far as possible with the stipulated international methodological standards. They also conform closely with international presentation formats taking materiality and relevance into account as well as data confidentiality constraints. The results published in this release are generally compatible with the information supplied to and published by Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) concerning the economic activities of EU and EMU residents with non-residents of these areas.  The figures are also compatible with those supplied to other international organisations such as IMF and OECD.

 

For more detailed methodological information see Services Exports and Imports - Background Notes (PDF 104KB) International Trade in Services - Background Notes (PDF 130KB)

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