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CSO statistical release, 28 November 2013, 11am

Industrial Production, Distribution and Services Provisional Data


Industrial Production, Distribution and Services Provisional Data, 2012
       Percentage change
  Industrial ProductionTurnover €m109,736105,754112,300112,7722.80.4
Persons Engaged No. 195,542185,183188,684176,144-9.9-6.6
  Distribution Turnover €m99,900101,579102,965107,1187.24.0
Persons Engaged No. 339,217329,639325,673329,971-2.71.3
  Services2 Turnover €m87,97388,850101,547110,19525.38.5
Persons Engaged No. 579,331561,552567,626580,3040.22.2
1 Provisional Data.
2 Excludes Financial & Insurance activities

Services Turnover up 8.5% in 2012 to €110 billion

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Figure 1 Turnover by sector


Services Turnover up 8.5% in 2012

Turnover in the Services sector increased by 8.5% from 2011 levels, rising to over €110 billion in 2012. Turnover for the Distribution sector also increased, by 4.0% in 2012 to over €107 billion. Both the Distribution and Services sectors have grown annually in turnover since 2009.  After experiencing a 6.2% increase in turnover in 2011, compared to 2010, Industrial Production showed little change in 2012, rising marginally by 0.4% to €113 billion.


Figure 2 Number of persons engaged by sector


Number of Persons Engaged in Industrial Production down 6.6% in 2012

The number of persons engaged in Industry decreased by 12,540 in 2012, a drop of 6.6% on 2011 levels. There are now 176,144 persons engaged in Industrial Production. The Services sector showed an increase of 12,678 persons engaged, a rise of 2.2% in 2012 on 2011 levels. The Distribution sector showed an increase of 4,298 persons engaged, or a 1.3% rise between 2011 and 2012. There are now 580,304 and 329,971 persons engaged in the Services and Distribution sectors respectively.

Care should be taken in interpreting some of the annual changes in Services and Industrial employment as a reclassification of some enterprises from Industry to Services has had a minor impact on the distribution of the 2012 figures between these two sectors.

This release contains provisional 2012 data for Industry, Distribution and Services. Final figures for these sectors will be published in summer 2014.


Industrial Production, Distribution and Services Provisional Data, 2012      
 Unit  Year
Census of Industrial Production (B-E) 
                                                                                   Turnover €m 109,736105,754112,300112,772
Persons Engaged No. 195,542185,183188,684176,144
    of which     
                    Mining & quarrying (B)    
                                                                                     Turnover €m1,4051,2191,292969
Persons Engaged No.5,9034,6264,9043,624
                    Manufacturing (C)    
                                                                                     Turnover €m100,46496,572102,377102,452
Persons Engaged No.174,215165,006167,373156,391
                    Electricity, gas , steam and air conditioning supply (D)    
                                                                                     Turnover €m6,4646,7067,2798,106
Persons Engaged No.9,3549,2059,40710,544
                    Water supply; sewerage,waste management and remediation activities (E)     
                                                                                     Turnover €m1,4031,2571,3521,246
Persons Engaged No.6,0706,3467,0005,585
Annual Services (G-N, R92,R93,S95,S96 Excl K)    
                                                                                   Turnover €m 187,874190,430204,512217,314
Persons Engaged No. 918,547891,190893,300910,275
    of which     
                    Distribution (G)    
                                                                                     Turnover €m99,900101,579102,965107,118
Persons Engaged No.339,217329,639325,673329,971
                   Services (H-N, R92,R93,S95,S96 Excl K)    
                                                                                     Turnover €m87,97388,850101,547110,195
Persons Engaged No. 579,331561,552567,626580,304
1 Provisional Data
See background notes for detailed classification

Background Notes

Industrial Production, Distribution and Services Provisional Data

Provisional Data 2012 

The data in this release are taken from the Annual Services Inquiry 2012 (ASI) and the Census of Industrial Production 2012 (CIP), which are compulsory surveys conducted under the Statistics (Structural Business Inquiries) Order 2010 (S.I. No 91 of 2010), made under the Statistics Act 1993 and Regulation (EC) No 295. of 2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics.

Appreciation is extended to firms that co-operate in these surveys. The information they provide is treated as strictly confidential to the Central Statistics Office. Direct or indirect disclosure of information relating to individual respondents is avoided in the publication of results by combining categories containing small numbers of units and suppressing figures, etc.

The individual Surveys are conducted as follows

Annual Services Inquiry

 The Annual Services Inquiry (ASI) has been conducted on annual basis since 1991. The purpose of the survey is to provide grossed estimates of the principal trading aggregates for all enterprises in the retail, wholesale, transportation and storage, accommodation and food, information and communication, real estate, professional, scientific, technical, administrative and other selected services sectors. 


The Annual Services Inquiry is a compulsory survey conducted under the Statistics (Structural Business Inquiries) Order 2010 (S.I. No. 91 of 2010), made under the Statistics Act 1993 and Regulation (EC) No. 295 of 2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council concerning structural business statistics.

 Central Business Register

The CSO’s Central Business Register provides the sampling frame from which the Annual Services Inquiry sample is selected each year. The Central Business Register is also used as the basis for the sampling frame used to gross sample data to the population. The Business Register is updated continuously throughout the year.

Sample Design

The ASI is designed to provide grossed estimates of the principal trading aggregates for all enterprises in the relevant sectors. The ‘enterprise’ is the unit used for survey purposes i.e. one return is sought in respect of each enterprise covering all constituent branches, local units or subsidiaries. The sample is selected based on the number of persons engaged in the enterprise i.e. number of proprietors plus number of full-time and part-time staff. A census of enterprises with 20 or more persons engaged is selected. In addition a stratified random sample is selected for the enterprises with less than 20 persons engaged, with decreasing sampling proportions taken in the lower persons engaged ranges. 

All enterprises with 1 or more persons engaged are included in the survey frame. However, the units with 1 person engaged are not surveyed; the data for these are imputed directly from administrative data sources.


Collected and edited data for companies with 2 or more persons engaged is aggregated using ratio estimators (a general estimator for the population total). Number of Persons Engaged is known for all members of the population and used as an auxiliary parameter for all monetary and employment variables. 

Horvitz-Thomson estimator is used for number of enterprises and number of local units. 

This process results in assigning every company on the final dataset two grossing factors (weights) dependent on the NACE code and employment size class . The underlying assumption in the ratio estimator strategy is that a variable of interest (e.g. turnover) and the auxiliary parameter (employment) are linearly connected. Units, for which this assumption is strongly violated (outliers), are identified and adjusted if necessary. 

The data for units with 1 person engaged is imputed from administrative data sources directly, where possible. Variables that are not available, such as capital acquisitions and disposals, are modelled using linear regressions from respondents with 2 to 9 persons engaged. Horvitz-Thomson estimator is used to gross the data to account for units which have no administrative data available.


Number of Persons Engaged   includes all full time and part-time employees. It also includes proprietors, partners and family members who work for an enterprise. It excludes agency workers.


Service and Distribution in EU27 Ireland includes NACE groups G-N (excl K) and R92, R93, S95 and S96. The other EU Countries include NACE groups G-N (excl K) and S95.


Census of Industrial Production 

The Census of Industrial Enterprises covers those enterprises which are wholly or primarily engaged in industrial production and have three or more persons engaged. 

The Census of Industrial Production is required under Council Regulation (EC, Euratom) No 58/97. The 2012 Census was taken in accordance with SI 78/2008.  

An enterprise is defined as the smallest combination of legal units that is an organisational unit producing goods or services, which benefits from a certain degree of autonomy in decision making, especially for the allocation of its current resources. 

 Period Covered by the Census

 Although the Census relates in principle to the calendar year, respondents are permitted to return figures for their nearest accounting year.  The end of the accounting year for all returns used falls between May of the reference year and April of the following year.  Returns which cover a period of less than 12 months are accepted in cases where businesses have started or ceased trading during the year. 

All employment details in the 2012 Census are based of the average employment reported on the enterprise’s P35. 

Data Collection 

The Census is conducted by post and electronic data collection.  A permanent up-to-date register is kept of all relevant  enterprises involved in industrial production.  The register is maintained from the Central Business Register, administrative and public utility records, announcements in the press, business journals, etc. This register is constantly being updated.  This results in differing estimates for the total number of enterprises through the dissemination cycle. 

An ‘enterprise’ questionnaire is sent to all enterprises whose activity is primarily industrial.  The type of ‘enterprise’ questionnaire depends on the size of the enterprise.  The most detailed form (form F) is generally sent to all enterprises with twenty or more persons engaged.  A less detailed form (form C) is sent to enterprises with between three and twenty persons engaged.

 All forms are available on CSO’s website at

 All returns are scrutinised clerically for internal accuracy.  They are compared with returns for previous years and in some instances with returns to other industrial inquiries.  A further set of consistency checks are carried out in the computer processing of the data.  Substantial queries arising from these scrutiny operations are referred to the respondent by telephone or in writing.

 NACE Classification 

NACE refers to the classification NACE Revision 2 which is the European Union’s Statistical Classification of Economic Activity in the European communities.

 For further information on the NACE Rev. 2 classification of industrial activity, visit the CSO website:

 The traditional category Transportable Goods Industries used in industrial statistics is equivalent to NACE sections B and C.  The Manufacturing Industries grouping includes only section C.

 NACE Rev. 2 Classification

NACE Rev. 2 is the statistical classification of economic activities. NACE is an acronym for ‘Nomenclature Généraile des Activités Économiques dans les Communautés Européenes’ (General Industrial Classification of Economic Activities within the European Communities).

The information presented in this report covers the industry, construction, distributive trade and services (excl Financials). 

The following highlights the composition of these sectors in this report

Broad Structure of NACE Rev. 2        

Industry                                       Section B – Mining and quarrying

                                                  Section C - Manufacturing

                                                  Section D – Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply

                                                  Section E - Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities


Construction                               Section F - Construction


Distributive Trade                        Section G - Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles


Services                                      Section H - Transportation and storage

                                                  Section I - Accommodation and food service activities

                                                  Section J - Information and communication

                                                  Section L - Real estate activities

                                                  Section M - Professional, scientific and technical activities

                                                  Section N - Administrative and support service activities

                                                  Section R - Arts, entertainment and recreation

                                                  Section S - Other service activities

Financial and insurance activities Section K - Financial and insurance activities are excluded from this report. 

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