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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 John Flanagan (+353) 1 498 4054
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-6747
CSO statistical release, 27 October 2017, 11am

Foreign Direct Investment

2016

  € million
 20152016
Foreign Direct Investment 
Flows - Abroad 151,77626,563
Flows - In Ireland 194,56713,129
Positions - Abroad - end year 835,530798,787
Positions - In Ireland - end year 815,831799,669
Positions - Net - end year19,699-882
Net Income Flows-47,727-39,913

The stock of Ireland’s net FDI abroad decreased to €-882m at end 2016

Figure 1 FDI Total Stock
go to full release

Irish stocks of direct investment abroad decreased to €799bn at the end of 2016 from a stock position of €836bn at the end of 2015. The end 2016 stock of direct investment abroad comprised of Equity Capital & Reinvested Earnings of €725bn and Other Capital of €74bn - see Table 3.

The stock of direct investment in Ireland also decreased between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016 - from €816bn to €800bn - see Table 4.

The decrease in stock of direct investment abroad between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016 - from €836bn to €799bn was largely due to withdrawals of investment in the US (-€13bn), Luxembourg (-€27bn) and Switzerland (-€12bn) which were partially offset by increased investment in Central American offshore centres (€15bn) - see Table 3.

 

 

The decrease in stock of direct investment in Ireland between the end of 2015 and the end of 2016 - from €816bn to €800bn resulted from withdrawals of investment by US (-€123bn) which was offset by increased investment from Europe (€117bn)  - see Table 4.

The net FDI for Ireland at the end of 2016 was a deficit of €882m, down €21bn from the net position at the end of 2015.

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.
This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.
X-axis labelUnited StatesOtherOffshore CentresNetherlandsLuxembourgUnited Kingdom
2016232.281172.588155.643109.01868.84961.29

  

X-axis labelUnited StatesIrelandOtherOffshore CentresUnited KingdomGermany
2016544.663122.39849.52649.00522.36711.71

Direct investment positions by immediate and ultimate investor

In line with International recommendations the geographic allocation of direct investment flows and stocks in Tables 1 to 9 is based on the country of location of the immediate owner of the direct investment enterprise. 

An alternative presentation of the stock of direct investment in Ireland by ultimate investor displays a different geographic pattern.   Figure 2 presents the value of investment stock in Ireland by location of the immediate owner (of the direct investment enterprise), Figure 3 presents the value of investment stock in Ireland by location of the ultimate investor.  In 2016, the stock of investment from the US as ultimate investor at €545bn was €313bn greater than the stock of US investment presented by immediate owner (€232bn).  Investment stock from Ireland as ultimate investor at €122bn primarily represents former US-based corporate inversion enterprises which are now located in Ireland (see figure 3).

Investment flows decrease

Flows of direct investment into Ireland in 2016 were €13bn – down from €195bn in 2015. Equity investment and reinvested earnings inflows of €95bn and €34bn respectively were offset by the withdrawal of other capital investment of €116bn. Investment from US changed from €83bn in 2015 to a withdrawal of €63bn in 2016, similarly investment from the UK decreased from a withdrawal of €3bn to a withdrawal of €25bn over the same period. Investment from Asia also decreased from an investment of €8bn in 2015 to a withdrawal of €12bn in 2016 - see Table 2. 

X-axis labelOffshore CentresNetherlandsGermanyItalyUKUSOther
Flows86.0798.6382.5462.062-25.279-63.2852.368

During 2016 direct investment flows abroad were €27bn, down from €152bn in 2015. Investment flows into US (€6bn) and Europe (€1bn) were significantly down on 2015 investment levels of €63bn and €74bn respectively.  The reduced flows abroad consisted of equity investment and reinvested earnings of €44bn and €12bn respectively and a withdrawal of other capital €30bn - see Table 1.

Sectoral breakdown

Investment abroad by enterprises located in Ireland was largely from the services sector - positions of €708bn at the end of 2016 were down €46bn compared to positions at the end of 2015 (€754bn).  Of this investment from the services sector, 78% (€554bn) was into the EU. Investment from the manufacturing sector amounted to €61bn - see Table 7.

The Services Sector remains the largest sector for inward investment - at the end of 2016 positions of €475bn were down €21bn on end year 2015 positions (€496bn). Investments in financial intermediation and administrative and support activities decreased from €212bn and €99bn to €196bn and €76bn respectively.  Investment in the Manufacturing Sector increased by €6bn to €324bn in the same period - see Table 8.

X-axis labelManufacturingServices
In Ireland323.993474.718
Abroad61.157707.757

Direct investment income

Income outflows of foreign owned direct investment enterprises were €59bn in 2016, a decrease of €5bn compared with 2015. Earnings of European owned companies were €36bn in 2016, down €9bn on the 2015 figure.  Income earned abroad by investors located in Ireland was €19bn in 2016 up €3bn on 2015. The earnings abroad were mainly from Luxembourg (€11bn), the Netherlands (€4bn) as well as from US and American offshore centres (€2bn & €3bn) - see Table 9.

Table 1 Direct Investment1 Flows Abroad Classified by Location of Investment € million
Region/Country 2015 2 2016
 EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe 58,66012,0073,68474,34913,52713,524-25,7371,313
  of which:         
    Belgium *17*354**-656-644
    France  52942-39217715412967351
    Germany  35128-220-56**127-1,009
    Italy 76-99-84-106**108-665
    Luxembourg 48,1416,4462,86357,4504,7447,562-19,189-6,883
    Netherlands  3,3722,265-8994,7374,1102,941-2,6534,397
    Spain 19-996105-5429316291
    Switzerland **1,6095,640**-2,778-3,052
    United Kingdom  1,347700-1021,94510,367526-6310,830
    EU 283 53,84211,2831,54266,66517,20813,161-23,0617,310
    EMU 194 51,4309,2292,79263,4536,82611,303-21,985-3,854
          
Americas 45,2893,58916,23065,10726,7162,878-12,54617,050
  North America **16,98763,39018,110935-12,7636,282
   of which:         
    Canada 270512005228-7119121
    United States  **16,78762,87018,102942-12,8826,159
  Central America 5831,720***1,918*10,435
  South America *****26*332
          
Asia 11,815**9,304**-317-1,874
  of which:         
    China **-4-20**15*
    Hong Kong *426*-3-14**
    Japan *4*3,555**392385
         
Africa 7**19*0**
Oceania and Polar Regions **149314***-249
          
Not geographically allocated5 *-276*2,683736***
          
Total 114,97710,56226,237151,77644,22012,184-29,84126,563
  of which:         
    All offshore centres6 5,9951,981-1027,873 5,0012,653-1,9655,691
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2Revised.
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands,
Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados, Bahrain,
Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis,
St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru, Niue,
Panama, Philippines, Singapore, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 2 Direct Investment1 Flows into Ireland Classified by Location of Investor € million
Region/Country2015 22016
EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe117,92732,540-78,62271,84770,75522,962-11,32082,398
  of which:    
    Belgium *1,259*5,518*1,562*-307
    France -21,8701,8993,767*1,727*1,625
    Germany -91655-2,274-1,710-5336852,3942,546
    Italy 1071,5414172,065-6071,3521,3172,062
    Luxembourg*1,878-12,138**-988**
    Netherlands 8,0816,391-7,0357,43512,9196,392-10,6748,638
    United Kingdom 15,8651,459-20,210-2,8871,3931,464-28,135-25,279
    EU 283 72,59815,468-43,61544,45113,56012,596-67,237-41,082
    EMU 19453,82113,868-20,92346,76611,74711,063-65,891-43,082
         
North America*1,812*81,827*2,809*-64,232
  of which:        
    Canada*-24*-968*12*-947
    United States -1,2611,83682,22082,79520,7212,798-86,805-63,285
         
Central America2,2887,565929,9463,3987,352-3,1307,622
  of which:        
    Bermuda-1,0447,562-2,7213,7951,9457,513-2,6436,814
         
South America*0*-208*0*-3
  of which:        
    Brazil00-90-9000151151
        
Asia107277,5697,701986446-13,219-11,787
  of which:        
    China**1,1841,329**1,7051,904
    Japan **-1,070-1,114**-226368
         
Africa09**315**
Oceania and Polar Regions**-886-838**-1,160-1,133
         
Not geographically allocated5********
         
Total139,74141,99912,830194,56795,20633,724-115,80113,129
  of which:        
    All offshore centres6*19,362*40,260 53,11711,73321,22986,079
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2Revised.
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,
Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados,
Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica,
St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru, Niue, Panama,
Philippines, Singapore, St MaartenTurks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands,
Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 3 Direct Investment1 Abroad End Year Positions Classified by Location of Investment€ million
Region/Country2015 2 2016
Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe556,86780,334637,201 517,56274,043591,604
  of which:       
    France 2,6231052,729 2,8781683,046
    Germany 4,727934,821 3,2372513,488
    Italy1,367-2331,134 603-120483
    Luxembourg361,15163,334424,484 332,47165,130397,601
    Netherlands 47,5724,16851,741 **54,813
    Switzerland**-5,614 **-17,633
    United Kingdom 75,36915,42690,795 79,13415,22994,363
    Offshore centres12,75384713,600 13,15953513,694
    EU 283 528,78298,205626,987 497,64895,466593,114
    EMU 194435,30173,888509,190 406,87272,100478,972
       
Americas154,551-2,217152,334 171,308-16,017155,291
  North America116,523-10,844105,679 117,994-24,63693,359
   of which:       
    Canada2,0071522,159 2,0762722,349
    United States 114,516-10,996103,520 115,918-24,90891,010
  Central America37,7768,27946,055 52,9877,74960,737
   of which:       
    Offshore centres36,8868,31945,205 52,3207,68960,009
  South America252348600 3268701,196
       
Asia 18,7912,77921,570 17,6002,53320,133
Africa**359 **-177
Oceania and Polar Regions2,508-5091,999 2,230-8731,357
Not geographically allocated5**22,066 **30,579
        
Total749,94485,586835,530 725,00873,779798,787
  of which:       
    All offshore centres6**65,432 **79,237
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'Abroad', an entry without sign indicates a net asset position, while a minus sign indicates a
net liability position.
2Revised.
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados,
Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey,
Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru,
Niue, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, St MaartenTurks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands,
US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 4 Direct Investment1 in Ireland End Year Positions Classified by Location of Investor € million
Region/Country2015 22016
Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe401,603-53,305348,299 485,377-19,918465,460
  of which:       
    Belgium12,303-2,3459,958 21,269-11,7009,569
    France 18,08280518,887 18,40861319,021
    Germany 8,422-4,8143,608 8,245-3,8094,436
    Italy 8,628-9377,691 7,3803007,680
    Luxembourg128,80311,162139,965 130,417-61,56868,849
    Netherlands 60,41332,49592,908 86,08922,930109,018
    Spain12,561-1,35411,207 **8,132
    Switzerland24,605-11,93012,675 51,4856,66558,150
    United Kingdom 73,872-32,23341,639 56,6004,69061,290
    Offshore centres**6,206 *709*
    EU 283330,213-864329,349 345,480-27,015318,465
    EMU 194250,10636,797286,903 282,567-53,864228,702
        
North America71,994285,071357,065 96,814137,637234,451
  of which:       
    Canada1,932-1621,770 2,714-5442,170
    United States 70,063285,233355,295 94,101138,181232,281
        
Central America89,691-15,81173,880 91,404-20,40670,998
  of which:       
    Offshore centres89,656-15,76073,896 91,404-19,99671,408
        
South America0-575-575 0-562-562
  of which:       
    Brazil0-242-242 0-126-126
        
Asia4,0048,40412,409 5,192-5,784-592
  of which:       
    China*-1,539* **1,872
    Japan1,662901,752 2,095502,145
    Singapore269** 362-4,760-4,398
    Offshore centres54058,7699,173 *-4,559*
        
Africa 128-5475 189**
Oceania and Polar Regions**483 **-618
        
Not geographically allocated6**24,196 ***
        
Total590,461225,370815,831 706,54593,124799,669
  of which:       
    All offshore centres7136,674-47,40289,273 179,492-23,849155,643
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'In Ireland', an entry without sign indicates a net liability position, while a minus sign
indicates a net asset position.
2Revised.
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category overlaps with some of the regions referred to above.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados,
Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey,
Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru,
Niue, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, St MaartenTurks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands,
US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 5 Direct Investment1 Flows Abroad Classified by Activity2 of Resident Investor € million
SectorNACE 2 2015 32016
 Total         of which: Total         of which:
Section & DivisionEU 284EMU 195 EU 284EMU 195
All Industries 151,77666,66563,45326,5637,310-3,854
  of which:       
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F******
        
  Total Manufacturing SectorC4,334315-3673,4741,330475
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 12-60**-39276*
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18****242*
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations213,164*-235*292175
    Other manufacturing n.e.s. **24612,427720188
       
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD******
        
  Total Services Sector45 - 99145,07065,62963,22821,8603,482-6,404
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG1,782**1,744**
    Transportation and storageH**0**0
    Information and communicationJ2,696**-1,166180165
    Financial and insurance activitiesK*4,836-30416,3051,152462
    of which:       
      Activities of holding companies64.215813*-682**
    Other service activities6 9313160,14062,918 *875*
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal,
Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
6This covers residual FDI service activity.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 6 Direct Investment1 Flows into Ireland Classified by Activity2 of Resident Enterprise € million
SectorNACE 2 2015 32016
 Total of which:  Total of which:
Section & DivisionUnited StatesJapanEU 284EMU 195Offshore Centres United StatesJapanEU 284EMU 195Offshore Centres
All Industries 194,56782,795-1,11444,45146,76640,26013,129-63,285368-41,082-43,08286,079
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F**0*****0***
  Total Manufacturing SectorC16,217-16,414-1,0651,6045,00725,9876,085*-134-10,956-6,193*
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 1281*0897846*-405*0***
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18*00**0*00**0
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations214,109-723-1671,1631,4133,2619,157439248-13,076-13,174-266
    Other manufacturing n.e.s. **-898*****-382***
              
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD**0****00**0
  Total Services Sector45 - 99178,30399,201-4942,86241,78714,2826,95323,354502-30,197-36,8483,366
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG2,919-185*1,0647662,9711,131718*-3,471-3,428*
    Transportation and storageH*00**0*00**0
    Information and communicationJ6,646**1,6318742,5833,3442,0662-558-8441,043
    Financial intermediation6491,580*-37-18,079-7447,187-8,28015,111-199-25,052-31,560-3,298
      of which:             
       Activities of holding companies64.22,822****697-1,589**-264*198
    Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding65-228-1,117-1002,8431,797-8372,8511,091100-7158781,455
    Other financial activities66554**702679*1,425***873*
    Other services activities6 *20,012154*** **405**2,781
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions. e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain
6This covers residual FDI service activity
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 7 Direct Investment1 Abroad End Year Positions Classified by Activity2 of Resident Investor€ million
SectorNACE 2 2015 32016
 Total         of which: Total         of which:
Section & DivisionEU 284EMU 195 EU 284EMU 195
All Industries 835,530626,987509,190798,787593,114478,972
  of which:   
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F******
        
  Total Manufacturing SectorC56,23523,79215,98561,15725,58017,785
    Food, beverages and tobacco products 20,377**17,566**
    Textiles and wood10, 11 & 12******
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations13, 14 & 16 - 185,0198680*297198
    Other manufacturing n.e.s.21**9839,070*2,592
        
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD******
       
  Total Services Sector45 - 99753,631592,950484,831707,757553,757450,249
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG14,6936,701*15,5257,0151,176
    Transportation and storageH**0**0
    Information and communicationJ4,5811,6276073,5851,924775
    Financial and insurance activitiesK86,07330,94010,92491,52419,1525,106
     of which:       
        Activities of holding companies64.28,554**7,185**
    Other service activities6 *****443,192
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'Abroad', an entry without sign indicates a net asset position, while a minus sign indicates a net liability position.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia and Spain.
6This covers residual FDI service activity.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 8 Direct Investment1 in Ireland End Year Positions Classified by Activity2 of Resident Enterprise € million
SectorNACE 2 2015 32016
 Total of which: Total of which:
Section & DivisionUnited StatesJapanEU 284EMU 195Offshore Centres United StatesJapanEU 284EMU 195Offshore Centres
All Industries 815,831355,2951,752329,349286,90389,273799,669232,2812,145318,465228,702155,643
  Agriculture, Forestry and FishingA**0**0000000
  Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionB**0*****0**0
  Total ManufacturingC318,214***61,59624,080323,993*1152,48154,63696,270
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 126,017*04,3705,592*5,288-6-15,15811,075*
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18*00**0000000
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations2160,145-1,9436743,47942,40816,26670,249-1,51428130,60229,56213,438
    Metal and mechanical products24, 25, 26 & 28***13,72513,088-6,725***14,17113,612*
    Other manufacturing 18,3543,450*******2,5503877,946
              
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD1,1840*1,184***00**0
  Total Services Sector45 - 99496,253126,0701,601263,685225,04265,202474,71881,7832,133265,027173,80559,374
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG16,260**12,18010,797*16,551**7,5956,486*
    Information and communicationJ18,8693,895*4,3143,0219,19715,752*-162,3791,0666,056
    Financial intermediation 64211,87675,44732972,53982,40932,922196,03726,014273105,20144,62028,098
     of which:             
        Activities of holding companies64.221,521****6,59720,195****6,967
    Insurance services6522,5515,595515,55912,3101,49925,9906,95511214,64313,1232,885
    Administrative and support activitiesN99,02422,3371,51655,328*13,10376,05024,5261,79616,719*11,267
    Other services activities6 127,673*-46103,765** 144,338**118,490**
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'In Ireland' an entry without sign indicates a net liability position, while a minus sign indicates a net asset position.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised.
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
6This covers residual FDI service activity
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 9 Direct Investment Income1 Flows Classified by Geographic Location of Creditor/Debtor € million
Region/Country2015 22016
InflowsOutflowsNet InflowsOutflowsNet
Europe14,83744,975-30,13817,63836,256-18,618
  of which:      
     Belgium 231,291-1,268871,604-1,517
    France 812,196-2,1151562,068-1,912
    Germany 145709-564181650-469
    Italy-791,730-1,809621,462-1,400
    Luxembourg 8,7143,5685,14610,4973,2627,235
    Netherlands 2,74912,182-9,4333,84811,886-8,038
    Spain16177-16162250-188
    Switzerland-1935,462-5,655-9195,991-6,910
    United Kingdom 9453,415-2,4701,2302,938-1,708
    EU 28314,34225,752-11,41017,76624,796-7,030
    EMU 19412,09622,017-9,92115,27121,307-6,036
       
Americas5,56417,559-11,9955,06521,369-16,304
  of which:      
    Canada432419048-48
    United States 3,8732,9059682,0663,685-1,619
    Offshore centres 1,56214,632-13,0692,88317,646-14,763
       
Asia*444**601*
  of which:      
    Japan 8696-1064411-347
       
Africa*10****
Oceania and Polar Regions***95**
Not geographically allocated5-255**45236488
       
Total15,60663,333-47,72718,74058,653-39,913
  of which:      
    Offshore centres62,08228,462-26,380 3,63422,954-19,320
1Income on equity and other direct investment capital.
2Revised.
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
 Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla,
Netherlands Antilles, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey,
Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein,
Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, St MaartenTurks
and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.

Background Notes

The Foreign Direct Investment release updates the annual statistical series on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows and end-year stocks (or positions) for Ireland, broken down geographically by region and by country. The release includes tables with further analyses of the FDI flows and stocks presented by the principal economic activity (using NACE Rev.2 classification) of the resident direct investment enterprise. The statistics are methodologically consistent with the data already presented in the quarterly balance of payments and IIP releases. The statistics are also compatible with those supplied to Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) and to other international organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

For more detailed methodological information see: 

Foreign Direct Investment - Background Notes (PDF 215KB)

Redomiciled PLCs in the Irish Balance of Payments (PDF 183KB)

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