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For more information on this release:
E-mail: bop@cso.ie Annette Hayes (+353) 1 498 4319 John Sheridan (+353) 1 498 4258
For general information on CSO statistics:
information@cso.ie (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit StatCentral.ie, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 2009-6747
CSO statistical release, 29 October 2015, 11am

Foreign Direct Investment

2014

  € million
 20132014
Foreign Direct Investment 
Flows - Abroad 21,86332,511
Flows - In Ireland 33,81623,465
Positions - Abroad - end year 390,651522,824
Positions - In Ireland - end year 284,907311,508
Positions - Net - end year105,744211,316
Net Income Flows-22,928-20,867

The stock of Ireland’s net FDI abroad doubles to €211bn at end-2014

Stock of Inward Direct Investment Geographical Breakdown 2014 Fig 1
go to full release

Irish stocks of direct investment abroad increased to €523bn at the end of 2014 from a position of €391bn at the end of 2013. This increase continues to be driven by the Redomiciled plc’s in Ireland - see background note. The end of 2014 stock of direct investment abroad comprised of Equity Capital & Reinvested Earnings of €445bn and Other Capital of €78bn. The rise between the end of 2013 and the end of 2014 was mainly due to increased investment in enterprises located in Europe (€94bn), Central America (€23bn) and the US (€13bn). The increase in Europe was accounted for by additional investment in enterprises located in Luxembourg (€80bn), UK (€12bn) and Netherlands (€7bn) and partially offset by a fall in investment of €14bn in enterprises located in Switzerland - see Table 3

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

The stock of total foreign direct investment into Ireland also increased between the end of 2013 and the end of 2014 - from €285bn to €312bn.  The main contributors were increases from Central American offshore centres (€13bn), from the US (€11bn) and  from European countries (€9bn) - see Table 4.

This map is © Ordnance Survey Ireland. All rights reserved. License number 01/05/001.

The net FDI asset position for Ireland at the end of 2014 was a surplus of €211bn, up €106bn from the net position at the end of 2013.

 

Inward investment flows decreased

Flows of direct investment into Ireland in 2014 were €23bn – down from a €34bn inflow in 2013. Equity investment and reinvested earnings amounted to €16bn and €22bn respectively while there was a withdrawal of other capital investment of €14bn. The main source of inward investment was from the Netherlands (€12bn) followed by investment from Bermuda (€7bn) and the US (€5bn). Investment from Europe fell from €21bn in 2013 to €12bn in 2014 while investment from US fell from €9bn to €5bn in the same period. Similarly, investment from Asia was down from a disinvestment of €1bn in 2013 to a disinvestment of €4bn in 2014 - see Table 2.

 

X-axis labelFlows
Netherlands11741
Bermuda7174
United States4775
Luxembourg3085
Other-3310
Inward investment flows decreased Flows of direct investment into Ireland in 2014 were €23bn – down from a €34bn inflow in 2013. Equity investment and reinvested earnings amounted to €16bn and €22bn respectively while there was a withdrawal of other capital investment of €14bn. The main source of inward investment was from the Netherlands (€12bn) followed by investment from Bermuda (€7bn) and the US (€5bn). Investment from Europe fell from €21bn in 2013 to €12bn in 2014 while investment from US fell from €9bn to €5bn in the same period. Similarly, investment from Asia was down from a disinvestment of €1bn in 2013 to a disinvestment of €4bn in 2014 - see Table 2

During 2014 direct investment flows abroad increased by €11bn to €33bn compared with €22bn in 2013. Investment into Europe of €27bn (mainly Luxembourg €35bn) accounted for most of the total investment.  The flows consisted of increases in reinvested earnings and other capital of €14bn and €19bn respectively with a marginal disinvestment of equity investment of €656m - see Table 1.

X-axis labelManufacturingServices
In Ireland78314231853
Abroad92599412365

Sectoral breakdown

Investment abroad by enterprises located in Ireland was mainly into the services sector - positions of €412bn at the end of 2014 were up €104bn compared to positions at the end of 2013. Of this investment in the services sector, 72% (€297bn) was into the EU. Investment in the manufacturing sector amounted to €93bn - see table 7.

The largest sector for inward investment was financial intermediation which at the end of 2014 amounted to €120bn, representing 38% of the total stock of inward investment (€312bn). Investment in the pharmaceutical sector increased by €10bn to €46bn in the same period - see Table 8.

Direct investment income

Earnings outflows of foreign owned direct investment enterprises were €40bn in 2014, down €1.4bn compared with 2013. The earnings of European owned companies were €22bn in 2014, down €1bn on the 2013 figure. Income earned abroad by investors located in Ireland was €19bn in 2014 unchanged since 2013. The source of these earnings were mainly Luxembourg (€6bn), the US (€4bn) and both Netherlands and Offshore Centres (€3bn)- see Table 9.

 

Table 1 Direct Investment1 Flows Abroad Classified by Location of Investment  € million
Region/Country2013 22014
EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe19,4438,657-25727,844 -1,6059,61919,02327,037
  of which:         
    Belgium***-131 108**181
    France 1315853240 -358868122
    Germany 7554315445 551927100
    Italy*35*135 *26-64*
    Luxembourg-8593,518-1,4411,219 13,6983,51318,22935,440
    Netherlands 4721,999-2472,223 1,5122,166-9922,687
    Spain17816426620 639-4431
    Switzerland**-71* -35***
    United Kingdom 5,3499941,5967,937 -9,5271,0797,885-562
    EU 28313,4247,6689021,181 -2,1548,31033,42539,579
    EMU 1943045,677-1,5324,450 16,3036,18517,77340,260
          
Americas-9,0082,933414-5,663 5413,6102544,405
  North America***83 2611,809-4,988-2,918
   of which:         
    Canada15**-42 5893-39113
    United States *1,288*125 2041,717-4,949-3,029
  Central America***-5,740 **5,2717,342
  South America*17*-5 **-29-21
          
Asia27530-45511 201**758
  of which:         
    China23**283 27**278
    Hong Kong*15*18 **-3-13
    Japan-153118106 -6136776
          
Africa**** ***28
Oceania and Polar Regions*221*527 *71*93
          
Not geographically allocated5-345*-231* 130121-58193
          
Total10,05911,60319921,863 -65613,85519,31332,511
  of which:         
    All offshore centres6*2,004*-5,808 8322,2605,4508,542
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2Revised
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta,
 Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados,
Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica,
St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru, Niue, Panama,
Philippines, Singapore, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 2 Direct Investment1 Flows into Ireland Classified by Location of Investor € million
Region/Country2013 2 2014
EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal EquityReinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe7,48112,5751,28921,345 13,52111,624-12,94112,205
  of which:         
    Belgium **-6601,162 **902,013
    France 1,2621,4359733,670 151,390-5,168-3,762
    Germany -266650-411-26 148588-843-109
    Italy 501,3414441,835 -31925-82272
    Luxembourg1,1901,5735,9288,693 8,0571,780-6,7513,085
    Netherlands -1,7973,376-1491,431 -6,0542,31615,47811,741
    United Kingdom 5,060-450-4,54268 6,411781-6,770423
    EU 283 7,1709,4003,43520,005 13,6969,222-9,29513,625
    EMU 1941,4819,8407,54918,871 7,4178,27499416,684
          
North America6,2471,7938308,871 **3,0955,039
  of which:         
    Canada-16158886 **84265
    United States 6,2631,7777438,784 -1,1682,9323,0124,775
          
Central America-4104,3341,0835,007 1,7826,9523,06211,799
  of which:         
    Bermuda-2414,1113164,188 2987,657-7817,174
          
South America004545 **-59-59
  of which:         
    Brazil006161 00-41-41
          
Asia**433-924 35591-4,601-4,154
  of which:         
    China**-394-390 00199199
    Japan **-1,329-1,257 **1,3921,707
          
Africa**10 07**
Oceania and Polar Regions**510545 **443432
          
Not geographically allocated5**-926-1,072 ****
          
Total11,52619,0263,26333,816 15,70521,511-13,74923,465
  of which:         
    All offshore centres6-3534,4732,2386,358 1,8427,197-2,2046,834
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2Revised
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles,
Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man,
Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives,
Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines, Singapore, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines,
British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 3 Direct Investment1 Abroad End Year Positions Classified by Location of Investment€ million
Region/Country2013 2 2014
Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe223,75043,657267,407 295,18666,709361,895
  of which:       
    France 2,0267742,801 2,0946302,725
    Germany 3,2343463,580 4,6423364,978
    Italy246-4243 1,275-1941,080
    Luxembourg66,11528,16694,280 126,65947,664174,323
    Netherlands 33,3745,40038,774 40,6194,65645,275
    Switzerland9,97313410,107 **-4,094
    United Kingdom 61,0795,15466,233 63,03614,95577,990
    Offshore centres9,1442,17511,319 9,222-549,169
    EU 283 202,89941,322244,220 270,89481,100351,994
    EMU 194119,74935,548155,297 192,72356,938249,660
        
Americas**105,666 130,58711,985142,572
  North America**47,372 59,9871,03161,018
   of which:       
    Canada**1,668 2,138-642,073
    United States 44,0691,63545,704 57,8501,09658,945
  Central America**57,773 **81,084
   of which:       
    Offshore centres51,8165,31657,132 51,5587,50559,063
  South America**521 **470
        
Asia 3,546763,622 4,085-634,022
Africa17100117 23126149
Oceania and Polar Regions5,295-4204,876 5,512-5954,918
Not geographically allocated5**8,963 9,497-2289,269
        
Total340,24650,405390,651 444,89077,934522,824
  of which:       
    All offshore centres661,8107,31969,128 82,30310,87593,178
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'Abroad', an entry without sign indicates a net asset position, while a minus sign
indicates a net liability position.
2Revised
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles,
Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar,
Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia,
Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru, Niue, Panama, Philippines , Singapore, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands,
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands, US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 4 Direct Investment1 in Ireland End Year Positions Classified by Location of Investor € million
Region/Country2013 2 2014
Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal Equity Capital & Reinvested EarningsOther CapitalTotal
Europe191,33040,363231,694 207,91832,718240,635
  of which:       
    Belgium3,398-7192,679 5,412-5474,865
    France 15,2524,46219,714 16,762-1,45315,309
    Germany 8,2211,5289,749 8,3801,4269,807
    Italy 7,734-4677,266 7,186-1,3045,882
    Luxembourg39,94133,78573,726 44,11022,61966,729
    Netherlands 34,3405,42139,761 29,46432,09761,562
    Spain9,8351,05010,885 13,191-63212,559
    Switzerland14,639-1,63913,000 17,853-5,79112,063
    United Kingdom 47,327-6,87540,452 56,246-12,99143,255
    Offshore centres4,606-2064,400 4,4707175,187
    EU 283171,88241,630213,512 185,40737,731223,138
    EMU 194120,11747,650167,766 125,44753,366178,813
        
North America68,241-42,26425,977 84,337-47,37136,966
  of which:       
    Canada3,458-3003,159 3,728-1343,594
    United States 64,783-41,96522,818 80,609-47,23733,372
        
Central America**18,930 **31,786
  of which:       
    Offshore centres31,446-12,73418,712 44,394-12,69231,703
        
South America**-396 **-357
  of which:       
    Brazil*** ***
        
Asia9216,6197,540 1,6345,4067,040
  of which:       
    China**-670 0-200-200
    Japan724-65371 **2,349
    Singapore15** 182,9212,939
    Offshore centres541** 1083,4423,550
        
Africa **206 **-1,118
Oceania and Polar Regions63734797 381,4371,474
        
Not geographically allocated6**159 **-4,921
        
Total293,770-8,863284,907 339,260-27,752311,508
  of which:       
    All offshore centres736,282-4,15432,129 48,979-8,53340,446
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'In Ireland' an entry without sign indicates a net liability position, while a minus sign
 indicates a net asset position.
2Revised
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category overlaps with some of the regions referred to above.
6This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown
7This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda, Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles,
Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica, Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man,
Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands, Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Panama,
 Philippines, Singapore, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Maldives, Nauru, Niue, British Virgin Islands,
 US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 5 Direct Investment1 Flows Abroad Classified by Activity2 of Resident Investor, 2013 and 2014 € million
SectorNACE 2 2013 3 2014
 Total         of which: Total         of which:
Section & DivisionEU 284EMU 185 EU 284EMU 185
All Industries 21,86321,1814,450 32,51139,57940,260
  of which:        
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F*** ***
        
  Total Manufacturing SectorC8,8655,475596 4,1383,5995,959
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 125,016** -1,451-2,165*
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18*** *357*
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations21-1,817337330 4,371**
    Other manufacturing n.e.s. *383274 **1,811
        
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD*** ***
         
  Total Services Sector45 - 9913,07513,6741,860 26,68635,61333,717
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG825236154 581527267
    Transportation and storageH*** ***
    Information and communicationI2,806** 2,033412*
    Financial and insurance activitiesK3,3153,2501,120 -7,160-11,809-3,276
    of which:        
      Activities of holding companies64.2618633373 1,829424*
    Other service activities 6 **235 **36,447
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia and Spain.
6This covers residual FDI service activity.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 6 Direct Investment1 Flows into Ireland Classified by Activity2 of Resident Enterprise, 2013 and 2014 € million
SectorNACE 2 2013 32014
 Total of which:  Total of which:
Section & DivisionUnited StatesJapanEU 284EMU 185Offshore Centres United StatesJapanEU 284EMU 185Offshore Centres
All Industries 33,8168,784-1,25720,00518,8716,358 23,4654,7751,70713,62516,6846,834
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F**0**0 **0**0
  Total Manufacturing SectorC13,2014,916477,1967,886861 1,082-898*922-2,8994,813
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 124,848**4,9985,208* -2,814*0-3,411-3,315*
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18*00**0 *00**0
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations21-1,872-1,144-30-1,053-428180 4,022-1,491*1,9752,2263,847
    Other manufacturing n.e.s. ****** **901***
               
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD**0**0 *****0
  Total Services Sector45 - 9920,4313,862-1,30312,64110,9985,497 22,8955,66561913,22719,5742,022
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG-778-802-2537451,63935 2,3272,390*-454-1,805385
    Transportation and storageH*00**0 *00**0
    Information and communicationI1,895*23,8913,4992,618 4,423510*-303-5224,382
    Financial intermediation6417,2429,217*5,9354,6363,223 3702,239559-2787,294-3,114
      of which:              
       Activities of holding companies64.2-278-134**45666 569****371
    Insurance, reinsurance and pension funding651,672887-103590358-27 56843231-19670497
    Other financial activities66617*0626** ******
    Other services activities *-526**284* 11,035*7210,1609,775*
1Data are provided according to arithmetic sign conventions. e.g. minus signs are used in cases where there is withdrawal of investment.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 7 Direct Investment1 Abroad End Year Positions Classified by Activity2 of Resident Investor, 2013 and 2014€ million
SectorNACE 2 2013 3 2014
 Total         of which: Total         of which:
Section & DivisionEU 284EMU 185 EU 284EMU 185
All Industries 390,651244,220155,297 522,824351,994249,660
  of which:   
  Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing; Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionA, B & F*** ***
         
  Total Manufacturing SectorC67,02923,41214,295 92,59946,56240,203
    Food, beverages and tobacco products 15,39211,406* 15,33310,556*
    Textiles and wood10, 11 & 12*** ***
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations13, 14 & 16 - 1824,109** 40,764**
    Other manufacturing n.e.s.21**1,422 *20,79318,426
         
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD*** ***
         
  Total Services Sector45 - 99308,765213,224135,895 412,365297,430203,184
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG13,8586,8891,034 18,5609,7853,026
    Transportation and storageH*128* ***
    Information and communicationI1,380565670 630-1,430*
    Financial and insurance activitiesK56,52644,87522,749 65,17037,24822,133
     of which:        
        Activities of holding companies64.219,3959,8579,138 35,16513,98213,323
    Other service activities 6*160,767* **179,641
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'Abroad', an entry without sign indicates a net asset position, while a minus sign indicates a net liability position.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia,
Slovenia and Spain.
6This covers residual FDI service activity.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 8 Direct Investment1 in Ireland End year Positions Classified by Activity2 of Resident Enterprise, 2013 and 2014 € million
SectorNACE 2 2013 32014
 Total of which:  Total of which:
Section & DivisionUnited StatesJapanEU 284EMU 185Offshore Centres United StatesJapanEU 284EMU 185Offshore Centres
All Industries 284,90722,81871213,512167,76632,129 311,50833,3722,349223,138178,81340,446
  Agriculture, Forestry and FishingA**0**0 **0**0
  Mining and Quarrying; ConstructionB**0**0 **0**0
  Total ManufacturingC80,91911,905-15961,60060,1004,150 78,31411,177*57,14650,9899,992
    Food, beverages and tobacco products10, 11 & 129,576-506,9287,9794,083 6,02613903,3614,2495,802
    Textiles and wood13, 14 & 16 - 18*00**0 *00**0
    Basic pharmaceutical products and preparations2136,099876*32,02831,4061,497 45,905816037,72336,7436,813
    Metal and mechanical products24, 25, 26 & 287,517366*9,54610,146-2,521 7,208448*10,602*-3,709
    Other manufacturing *10,668-33**1,091 *10,509-9*2,3671,086
               
  Electricity, Gas, Steam and Air Conditioning supplyD*00*00 1,0860***0
  Total Services Sector45 - 99202,64310,912230150,569107,59227,979 231,85322,1941,377164,597127,53630,454
    Wholesale and retail trade; Repairs of motor vehiclesG10,122*-3219,0759,2422,197 16,696**8,3557,4001,834
    Information and communicationI12,509937*7,4577,1974,331 15,2984,656-54,9404,4956,231
    Financial intermediation 64109,578-1,599*88,27360,95417,531 119,561-37031795,24777,82017,550
     of which:              
        Activities of holding companies64.210,634**4,3643,2374,114 22,317**5,9105,3176,231
    Insurance services6520,8744,3643613,51210,6561,823 21,4055,385*12,71811,1822,389
    Administrative and support activitiesN31,986*858*9,8051,642 30,864**19,7774,0451,896
    Other services activities 17,5742,4081*9,738455 28,029283-4823,56022,594554
1The sign convention used is: for year-end positions 'In Ireland' an entry without sign indicates a net liability position, while a minus sign indicates a net asset position.
2The activity classification used in this release is the NACE Rev. 2 classification.
3Revised
4For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
5The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.
Table 9 Direct Investment Income1 Flows Classified by Geographic Location of Creditor/Debtor € million
Region/Country2013 2 2014
InflowsOutflowsNet InflowsOutflowsNet
Europe11,11323,169-12,056 12,49522,479-9,984
  of which:       
     Belgium -10926-936 *909*
    France 1471,714-1,567 1411,896-1,755
    Germany 80766-686 45788-743
    Italy351,573-1,538 241,463-1,439
    Luxembourg 5,3303,6151,715 5,9713,3102,661
    Netherlands 2,0737,337-5,264 2,5497,146-4,597
    Spain20745-725 30575-545
    Switzerland*4,438* *3,927*
    United Kingdom 1,1561,344-188 1,1671,911-744
    EU 2839,93118,520-8,589 11,23418,168-6,934
    EMU 1947,69516,837-9,142 9,13516,026-6,891
        
Americas6,41317,673-11,260 6,28817,194-10,906
  of which:       
    Canada1845-27 96-13109
    United States 3,1104,537-1,427 3,5084,925-1,417
    Offshore centres 3,16513,418-10,253 2,56612,284-9,718
        
Asia725361364 534200334
  of which:       
    Japan *161* 882959
        
Africa*6* **-8
Oceania and Polar Regions210** 72-274
Not geographically allocated5**-118 **-379
        
Total18,78641,714-22,928 19,45940,326-20,867
  of which:       
    Offshore centres63,63613,343-9,707 3,14912,750-9,601
1Income on equity and other direct investment capital
2Revised
3For analytical purposes, additional details are given of transactions between residents of Ireland and residents of the EU28 area.
4The relevant EMU countries are: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania,
Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Portugal, Slovakia, Slovenia and Spain.
5This category covers data supplied by respondents without a geographical breakdown.
6This category overlaps with the regions referred to above and covers Andorra, Antigua and Barbuda,
Anguilla, Netherlands Antilles, Barbados, Bahrain, Bermuda, Bahamas, Belize, Cook Islands, Curacao, Dominica,
Grenada, Guernsey, Gibraltar, Hong Kong, Isle of Man, Jersey, Jamaica, St. Kitts and Nevis, Cayman Islands,
Lebanon, Saint Lucia, Liechtenstein, Liberia, Marshall Islands, Montserrat, Maldives, Nauru, Niue, Panama,
Philippines , Singapore, St Maarten, Turks and Caicos Islands, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, British Virgin Islands,
 US Virgin Islands, Vanuatu, Samoa.
*Data suppressed for confidentiality reasons.

Background Notes

The Foreign Direct Investment release updates the annual statistical series on Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) flows and end-year stocks (or positions) for Ireland broken down geographically by region and by country.  The release includes tables with further analyses of the FDI flows and stocks presented by the principal economic activity (using NACE Rev.2 classification) of the resident direct investment enterprise.  The statistics are methodologically consistent with the data already presented in the quarterly balance of payments and IIP releases.  The statistics are also compatible with those supplied to Eurostat and the European Central Bank (ECB) and to other international organisations such as the International Monetary Fund (IMF) and the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

For more detailed methodological information see

 Methodology DocumentsForeign Direct Investment - Background Notes (PDF 215KB)

 

Redomiciled PLCs in the Irish Balance of Payments (PDF 183KB)

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