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CSO statistical release, 08 May 2013, 11am

Crops and Livestock Survey June Final Results

June 2012

   Total Cereals  Cattle   Sheep
     '000 hectares     '000      '000
June 2011297.46,493.04,830.0
June 2012315.46,754.15,170.0
% change+6.0%+4.0%+7.0%

Sheep numbers up 7.0% in June 2012

Figure 1 CLSJF2012-Percentage change in selected items June 2011/2012
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The final results for June 2012 show that the total sheep numbers increased by 340,100 (+7.0%) to 5,170,000. Other sheep (non-breeding) increased by 182,000 (+7.8%) and breeding sheep increased by 158,100 (+6.3%). See Table 2.

The results also indicate that the area under cereals increased by 17,900 hectares (+6.0%) to 315,400 ha.  There was an increase in each of the main cereals, with the area under oats increasing by 2,300 ha (+10.7%), the area under barley increasing by 12,100 ha (+6.7%) and the area under wheat increasing by 3,900 ha (+4.1%). See Table 1.

A comparison with the June 2011 results indicates that:

  • Cattle numbers increased by 261,100 (+4.0%) to 6,754,100. This was mainly due to increases of 131,200 (+14.7%) in male cattle under 1 year and 96,800 (+14.4%) in male cattle 1 to 2 years. See Table 2.
  • Pig numbers increased by 21,600 (+1.4%) to 1,570,600. The number of non-breeding pigs increased by 2.3% while the number of breeding pigs decreased by 6.7% in the same period. See Table 2.
  • The area under potatoes decreased by 13.1% to 9,000 ha. See Table 1.

A regional analysis of the livestock numbers indicates that the largest number of cattle (1,357,600) was in the South-West region, the largest number of sheep (1,377,200) was in the West region and the largest number of pigs (429,500) was in the Border region. See Tables 4 and 5.

Table 1 Area under Crops and Pasture
DescriptionJune 2010June 2011June 2012   Change 2011 - 2012
' 000 hectares' 000 hectares%
Wheat - total77.894.
   Winter wheat59.877.784.66.88.8
   Spring wheat18.016.413.5-3.0-18.0
Oats - total19.721.423.72.310.7
   Winter oats10.
   Spring oats9.412.413.81.511.8
Barley - total174.8180.6192.812.16.7
   Winter barley28.835.941.05.214.4
   Spring barley146.0144.8151.87.04.8
Other cereals1.61.20.9-0.3-28.2
Total cereals273.9297.4315.417.96.0
Beans and peas4.
Oilseed rape8.012.417.55.141.1
Arable silage4.12.92.4-0.5-18.7
Maize silage22.819.013.7-5.2-27.5
Fodder rape and kale1.
Vegetables for sale4.93.83.6-0.2-5.3
Nurseries, horticulture etc.
Other crops29.44.94.5-0.4-7.7
Total crops, fruit and horticulture353.9365.4382.116.64.6
Crops and Pasture4,131.74,108.24,051.5-56.6-1.4
Rough grazing in use437.3447.3481.233.87.6
Area farmed4,568.94,555.54,532.7-22.8-0.5
1 Includes sugar beet and fodder beet.
2 Includes fallow land, miscanthus,other energy crops and kitchen gardens.
Table 2 Number of Livestock
DescriptionJune 2010June 2011June 2012   Change 2011 - 2012
' 000 ' 000 %
Total cattle6,606.66,493.06,754.1261.14.0
      Dairy cows11,070.81,116.91,140.823.92.1
      Other cows1,158.41,123.31,148.625.32.3
      Cattle male: 2 years and over506.2425.5360.6-64.9-15.3
      Cattle female: 2 years and over426.2411.9372.0-39.9-9.7
      Cattle male: 1-2 years760.3673.4770.296.814.4
      Cattle female: 1-2 years871.5854.7889.835.14.1
      Cattle male: under 1 year826.7891.91,023.2131.214.7
      Cattle female: under 1 year934.6953.61,012.859.36.2
   Total cattle male2,145.12,032.72,190.1157.47.7
   Total cattle female 4,461.54,460.34,564.1103.82.3
Total sheep4,745.44,830.05,170.0340.17.0
   Breeding sheep2,529.52,508.92,667.0158.16.3
      Ewes: 2 years and over1,964.81,939.12,027.988.84.6
      Ewes: under 2 years484.8496.1561.465.313.2
   Other sheep2,215.92,321.02,503.0182.07.8
Total pigs1,516.31,549.01,570.621.61.4
   Breeding pigs161.4156.2145.7-10.5-6.7
      Female breeding pigs159.7154.9144.6-10.3-6.6
   Other pigs1,354.91,392.81,425.032.12.3
      20kg and over961.5972.0980.78.70.9
      Less than 20kg393.4420.8444.323.45.6
Horses and ponies106.0106.0111.15.14.8
Mules, jennets and asses7.
Farmed deer5.22.82.1-0.8-27.5
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 3 Area under Crops and Pasture in each Region, June 2012' 000 ha
RegionBorder, Midland and Western Southern and EasternState
Border MidlandWest Total Mid-East & DublinMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestTotal
Wheat - total8.17.60.316.0 43.41.825.411.482.098.0
   Winter wheat7.
   Spring wheat0.
Oats - total2.
   Winter oats0.
   Spring oats1.
Barley - total14.
   Winter barley5. 11.01.511.38.332.141.0
   Spring barley9. 24.16.660.825.3116.8151.8
Other cereals0.
Total cereals24.835.25.465.4 85.210.2106.348.3250.0315.4
Beans and peas0.
Oilseed rape1.
Arable silage0.
Maize silage0.
Fodder rape and kale0.
Vegetables for sale0.
Nurseries, horticulture etc.
Other crops20.
Crops, fruit and horticulture31.340.36.978.5 104.612.4126.360.2303.5382.1
Silage170.1114.8181.9466.8 85.7156.6167.3198.6608.21,075.0
Hay 35.825.832.594.0 20.924.536.227.9109.5203.5
Pasture411.8235.3481.21,128.3 213.3309.3331.1409.11,262.82,391.0
Crops and pasture649.0416.2702.41,767.6 424.5502.8660.9695.82,284.04,051.5
Rough grazing in use127.117.1119.1263.3 24.137.832.9123.1217.9481.2
Area farmed776.2433.2821.52,030.8 448.6540.6693.8818.92,501.94,532.7
¹ Includes sugar beet and fodder beet.
² Includes fallow land, miscanthus,other energy crops and kitchen gardens.
Table 4 Number of Cattle in each Region, June 2012' 000
RegionBorder, Midland and Western Southern and EasternState
Border MidlandWest Total Mid-East & DublinMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestTotal
Total cattle883.7783.2914.62,581.6 560.6989.31,265.11,357.64,172.66,754.1
    Dairy cows1103.379.048.6230.9 78.7182.1259.2390.0910.01,140.8
    Other cows202.9146.1251.1600.0 91.0159.5157.3140.8548.61,148.6
    Cattle male: 2 years and over35.454.450.9140.7 43.855.869.950.4219.9360.6
    Cattle female: 2 years and over55.353.059.4167.7 41.948.857.456.1204.3372.0
    Cattle male: 1-2 years95.4104.497.4297.3 69.3114.1161.8127.8472.9770.2
    Cattle female: 1-2 years114.5110.7117.9343.2 79.6121.2165.7180.1546.6889.8
    Cattle male: under 1 year134.1122.0141.9397.9 77.2155.0202.8190.3625.31,023.2
    Cattle female: under 1 year137.4109.8141.6388.7 76.4147.4185.1215.2624.11,012.8
  Total cattle male270.3284.7296.0851.1 193.0330.2440.3375.41,339.02,190.1
  Total cattle female 613.4498.5618.61,730.5 367.6659.0824.7982.22,833.64,564.1
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 4a Number of Cattle in each Region and County, June 2012' 000
Region and CountyTotal   DairyOther Bulls2CattleCattleCattleCattleCattleCattle Total CattleTotal Cattle
Cattle Cows1Cows Male 2+Female 2+Male 1-2Female 1-2Male <1Female < 1MaleFemale
  Border, Midland and Western2,581.6230.9600.015.2140.7167.7297.3343.2397.9388.7851.11,730.5
      Monaghan 206.131.835.
      Sligo 115.27.933.
      Galway 422.326.4109.32.724.527.346.454.765.565.5139.1283.3
  Southern and Eastern4,172.6910.0548.620.8219.9204.3472.9546.6625.3624.11,339.02,833.6
    Mid-East and Dublin560.678.791.02.743.841.969.379.677.276.4193.0367.6
      North Tipperary302.952.938.31.319.415.443.340.150.042.2114.0188.9
      South Tipperary323.
1 Dairy cows are those kept principally to produce milk for human consumption.
2 Bulls used for breeding purposes only.
Table 5 Number of Sheep, Pigs and Other Livestock in each Region, June 2012' 000
RegionBorder, Midland and Western Southern and EasternState
Border MidlandWest Total Mid-East & DublinMid-WestSouth-EastSouth-WestTotal
Total sheep1,108.9335.31,377.22,821.4 772.0131.8699.6745.12,348.65,170.0
  Breeding sheep585.0164.3706.31,455.6 391.567.6356.7395.61,211.42,667.0
    Ewes: 2 years and over444.8129.3540.01,114.1 285.049.7268.0311.1913.82,027.9
    Ewes: under 2 years121.930.1145.3297.3 95.715.578.974.1264.1561.4
  Other sheep524.0171.0670.81,365.8 380.664.2342.9349.51,137.22,503.0
Total pigs429.5271.350.1750.9 73.3100.0306.1340.3819.71,570.6
  Breeding pigs41.024.73.969.6 9.39.826.730.376.1145.7
    Female breeding pigs40.724.53.969.1 9.39.726.430.175.5144.6
  Other pigs388.5246.746.2681.3 64.090.3279.4310.0743.61,425.0
    20kg and over255.5183.629.9469.1 42.164.0191.6213.9511.6980.7
    Less than 20kg133.063.116.2212.3 21.826.387.896.1232.0444.3
Horses and ponies13.38.924.146.4 15.515.520.113.664.7111.1
Mules, jennets and asses2.
Farmed deer0.
Figure 2 CLSJF2012 - Numbers of total cattle and sheep in each region, June 2012
Figure 3 CLSJF2012 - Change in areas under certain crops, June 2011-June 2012

Background Notes



This release presents final estimates of land utilisation and livestock numbers in June 2012 at State and regional level. The estimates for sheep and pigs are based on returns from the 2012 June sample survey of agricultural holdings and the June 2012 Pig Survey conducted by the Central Statistics Office (CSO). The estimates for cattle and for crops are obtained from administrative data from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM).

Coverage  Farms where the agricultural area used was at least one hectare (2.47 acres) are included in the June Agricultural Sample Survey. Farms with less than one hectare may also be included if they were engaged in intensive production. 


Crops  The results for crops are based on data obtained from the DAFM Single Payment Scheme.

Cattle  The results for cattle are obtained from DAFM’s Animal Identification and Movement (AIM) system, formerly known as the Cattle Movement Monitoring System (CMMS). This system was introduced at the beginning of 2000 and involves electronically recording data on animal movements. Information on cattle numbers and on flows into and out of the cattle population has been available from this system since December 2002. 

Sheep  The June 2012 results for sheep are based on the trends obtained by comparing the returns from the 2012 sample with the 2011 returns for the same 7,700 farms and applying these trends to the June 2011 figures.

Pigs  A specialist pig survey was conducted by the CSO due to the intensive nature of this activity.

As the figures in the text and tables have been rounded to the nearest 100 units, there may be slight discrepancies between the sum (or difference) of the constituent items and the total shown. Percentage changes have been calculated on actual figures.


Composition of Regions

Border, Midland and Western NUTS 2 Region

Border           Cavan, Donegal, Leitrim, Louth, Monaghan and Sligo

Midland          Laois, Longford, Offaly and Westmeath

West             Galway City, Galway County, Mayo and Roscommon


Southern and Eastern NUTS 2 Region

Dublin            Dublin City, Dun Laoghaire-Rathdown, Fingal and South Dublin

Mid-East        Kildare, Meath and Wicklow

Mid-West       Limerick City, Limerick County, Clare and North Tipperary

South-East    Waterford City, Waterford County, Carlow, Kilkenny, Wexford

                      and South Tipperary

South-West   Cork City, Cork County and Kerry

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