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For more information on this release:
E-mail: Hilda McCarthy (+353) 21 453 5084 Angela Hickey (+353) 21 453 5316
For general information on CSO statistics: (+353) 21 453 5000 Visit, the portal to Ireland's official statistics On-line ISSN 1393-6867
CSO statistical release, 25 June 2013, 11am

Area, Yield and Production of Crops


     '000 tonnes
% change-15.3-34.8

Cereals production down 15.3% in 2012

Figure 1 AYPC2012A - Cereal Production
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Production of the three main cereals (wheat, oats and barley) fell by 384,000 tonnes to 2,125,000 tonnes in 2012. This was due to combined decreases in all three main cereals, including a decrease of 167,000 tonnes in the production of winter wheat. See Tables 1- 3.

The yield of potatoes decreased by 25.0% from 34.4 tonnes per hectare in 2011 to 25.8 tonnes per hectares in 2012.

 Further comparisons with the 2011 results indicate that:

  •  Barley production decreased by 10.7% (151,000 tonnes). This was due to reductions in the yield of winter barley of 14.3% and in spring barley of 17.3%.
  • Oats production decreased by 6.9% (12,000 tonnes). The yield of winter oats and spring oats decreased by 11.5% and 19.0% respectively.
  • Oilseed rape production increased by 5.1% (3,000 tonnes). While the area sown increased by 41.1%, or 5,100 hectares, the yield decreased 28.9%.


Revision of yield and production data 2012

Following the receipt of updated yield data for a number of counties, yield and production figures for 2012 have been revised in this release. The revisions increase the yield estimates for Wheat from 6.3 t/ha to 7.2 t/ha, Barley from 6 t/ha to 6.5 t/ha and Oats from 6.1 to 6.6 tonnes per hectare. Figures for total production and year on year changes have consequently been revised and can be viewed in Tables 2 & 3.


Table 1 Area under Crops and Pasture
DescriptionJune 2010June 2011June 2012   Change 2011 - 2012
          ' 000 hectares' 000 hectares%
Wheat - total77.894.
   Winter wheat59.877.784.66.88.8
   Spring wheat18.016.413.5-3.0-18.0
Oats - total19.721.423.72.310.7
   Winter oats10.
   Spring oats9.412.413.81.511.7
Barley - total174.8180.6192.812.16.7
   Winter barley28.835.941.05.214.4
   Spring barley146.0144.8151.87.04.8
Wheat, oats, barley - total272.3296.2314.518.36.2
Beans and peas4.
Oilseed rape8.012.417.55.141.1
Table 2 Yield of Crops
Description201020112012   Change 2011 - 2012
             tonnes per hectaretonnes per hectare%
Wheat - total8.69.97.2-2.7-27.1
   Winter wheat8.910.27.4-2.8-27.5
   Spring wheat7.68.36.1-2.2-26.5
Oats - total7.57.96.6-1.3-16.3
   Winter oats7.87.86.9-0.9-11.5
   Spring oats7.27.96.4-1.5-19.0
Barley - total7.07.86.5-1.3-16.1
   Winter barley8.59.17.8-1.3-14.3
   Spring barley6.77.56.2-1.3-17.3
Wheat, oats, barley - total7.58.56.8-1.7-20.5
Beans and peas5.55.74.8-0.9-15.8
Oilseed rape3.54.53.2-1.3-28.9
Table 3 Production of Crops
Description201020112012   Change 2011 - 2012
          ' 000 tonnes' 000 tonnes%
Wheat - total669929708-221-23.8
   Winter wheat532793626-167-21.1
   Spring wheat13713682-54-39.7
Oats - total148168157-12-6.9
   Winter oats807168-2-3.4
   Spring oats689888-9-9.5
Barley - total1,2231,4121,261-151-10.7
   Winter barley245326320-6-2.0
   Spring barley9781,086941-145-13.3
Wheat, oats, barley - total2,0402,5092,125-384-15.3
Beans and peas251620319.5
Oilseed rape28565935.1

Background Notes




This release presents final estimates of the area, yield and production of the main arable crops in 2012 together with the comparable estimates for 2010 and 2011. The June 2010 – June 2012 estimates for the area under crops shown in Table 1 have been obtained from the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine (DAFM) Single Payment Scheme.      

The yield estimates are obtained from a joint survey conducted by Teagasc and the CSO.


The yield figures are given on a “green” (as harvested) basis. The winter wheat yield refers to feed wheat. Similarly, the spring barley yield refers to feed barley. The yield for the beans and peas category is a simple average of the combined beans and peas yield as only an aggregated beans and peas area estimate is available. The oilseed rape yield is a weighted average of the winter and spring yield.

For potatoes, the early crop yield was applied to a proportion of the area under potatoes based on an estimate of the area sown under early potato varieties in each county. The main crop yield was applied to the remaining area. 

The State yield figure is generally calculated by multiplying the area figure by the average yield figure at a county level and then aggregating to the State level. The State production figure is then calculated by multiplying the State area, as per the Single Payment areas from DAFM, by the State yield figure.





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