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Crime

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The statistics in this chapter relate to a number of aspects of justice and defence. They have been obtained from the Garda Síochána, the Prison Service, the Probation Service and the Central Statistics Office. Crime figures are provided for the number of offences recorded by the Garda Síochána. These are based on the Irish Crime Classification System (ICCS).

Probation recidivism provides figures for the re-offending rates of those placed on Probation Orders and Community Service Orders. Prison recidivism provides figures for the re-offending rates of those released from the custody of the Irish Prison Service. 

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4.1 Recorded offences classified by group, 2010 to 2015
         
      
Offence201020112012201320142015
     
01Homicide offences896679838062
02Sexual offences2,3662,0142,1162,0102,0532,356
03Attempts or threats to murder, assaults, harassments and related offences17,70317,06215,71014,50215,16416,984
04Dangerous or negligent acts12,0939,9469,0517,6607,2987,225
05Kidnapping and related offences134109101124124153
06Robbery, extortion and hijacking offences3,1962,9312,8172,8062,6472,576
07Burglary and related offences25,42027,69528,13326,21827,63526,259
08Theft and related offences76,82676,97476,40278,73777,69775,876
09Fraud, deception and related offences4,9885,3705,7904,8245,1785,588
10Controlled drug offences20,00417,69516,45015,37215,91515,096
11Weapons and explosives offences4,0993,4833,0382,7502,4792,374
12Damage to property and to the environment39,36935,57332,42828,91327,39426,053
13Public order and other social code offences54,94149,06043,86136,45332,63933,280
15Offences against Government, justice procedures and organisation of crime11,39710,1729,4459,1879,76511,376
Source: CSO

Interactive table: StatBank link 

 

Comparing recorded offences between 2014 and 2015, falls continued in most offence groups. There were falls in Homicide offences (80 to 62), rises in Kidnapping and related offences (124 to 153) and falls in Theft and related offences (77,697 to 75,876) and Burglary and related offences (27,635 to 26,259).

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4.2 Incidents of Assaults and Burglary, recorded, per 100,000 population, detections and with relevant proceedings, 2013
       
OffenceGarda regionRecordedPer 100,000 populationDetectedDetection rate (%)With relevant proceedings
      
Assaults Northern 1,909367.71,33369.8741
 Western 1,672284.31,04462.4468
 Southern 2,850328.22,04871.9899
 Eastern 2,222287.61,41363.6630
 South Eastern 1,736304.21,23971.4524
 Dublin Metropolitan 4,113322.81,88945.9975
 State14,502315.78,96661.84,237
     
BurglaryNorthern 2,241431.649922.3299
Western 2,043347.342921.0254
Southern 2,881331.894732.9632
Eastern 4,903634.688818.1521
South Eastern 3,730653.780021.4462
Dublin Metropolitan 10,420817.71,79117.21,293
 State26,218570.85,35420.43,461
Source: CSO

Interactive table: StatBank link

Comparing per capita figures for 2013, the Northern Region was the highest for recorded Assaults offences, with 367.7 offences per 100,000, while the Western Region had the lowest (284.3 per 100,000).

For 2013, almost 40% of Burglary offences were recorded in the Dublin Metropolitan Region. 

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4.3 Probation offender numbers and whether there was a re-offence within three years, 2008 and 2009 cohort
             
2008 cohort 2009 cohort  
Re-offence within three yearsRecidivism rate Re-offence within three yearsRecidivism rate Recidivism rate
  YesNoTotal% YesNoTotal% Absolute change
       
Total offenders1,5432,2183,76141.0 1,4362,4183,85437.3 -3.8 
           
Sex         
Male1,3731,8883,26142.1 1,2792,0593,33838.3 -3.8
Female17033050034.0 15735951630.4 -3.6
           
Male age group           
<181429523759.9 1337120465.2 +5.3
18-246778001,47745.8 5908291,41941.6 -4.3
25-445158541,36937.6 5121,0151,52733.5 -4.1
45-643912216124.2 4413017425.3 +1.1
65 +017170.0 014140.0 0.0
            
Female age group           
<1819214047.5 11162740.7 -6.8
18-245711617332.9 6212218433.7 +0.7
25-448116824932.5 7418926328.1 -4.4
45-6412233534.3 10314124.4 -9.9
65 +12333.3 0110.0 -33.3
           
All persons age group           
<1816111627758.1 1448723162.3 +4.2
18-247349161,65044.5 6529511,60340.7 -3.8
25-445961,0221,61836.8 5861,2041,79032.7 -4.1
45-645114519626.0 5416121525.1 -0.9
65 +119205.0 015150.0 -5.0
           
Probation type           
Community service4637421,20538.4 4861,0081,49432.5 -5.9
Probation order1,0801,4762,55642.3 9501,4102,36040.3 -2.0
            
Probation referral offence           
01Homicide offences16714.3 0220.0 -14.3
02Sexual offences5293414.7 4222615.4 +0.7
03Attempts or threats to murder, assaults, harassments and related offences16927444338.1 14329143432.9 -5.2
04Dangerous or negligent acts6213419631.6 5916622526.2 -5.4
05Kidnapping and related offences0110.0 101100.0 +100.0
06Robbery, extortion and hijacking offences31427342.5 24507432.4 -10.0
07Burglary and related offences10310721049.0 11812123949.4 +0.3
08Theft and related offences32041573543.5 30442372741.8 -1.7
09Fraud, deception and related offences18304837.5 13536619.7 -17.8
10Controlled drug offences21235556737.4 21038159135.5 -1.9
11Weapons and explosives offences586111948.7 527112342.3 -6.5
12Damage to property and to the environment9711020746.9 8514022537.8 -9.1
13Public order and other social code offences32941874744.0 29441370741.6-2.5
14Road and traffic offences (NEC)7314722033.2 8620629229.5-3.7
15Offences against Government, justice procedures and organisation of crime578113841.3 426610838.9-2.4
16Offences not elsewhere classified202100.0 0330.0-100.0
 Not stated681442.9 110119.1 -33.8
Source: CSO

In 2009, 3,854 individuals (cases) were placed on Probation orders or Community service orders. Of these, 1,436 (37.3%) re-offended within a three-year period, a fall of 3.8% between 2008 and 2009.  When considering age and sex, these trends were repeated. Recidivism among males fell by 3.8% to 38.3% in 2009 while female recidivism fell by 3.6% to 30.4% in the same period.  Falls in the recidivism rates were also observed in the majority of all persons age groups. 

 

Of the 1,436 individuals who re-offended, 40.4% did so within the first twelve months, while an additional 32.3% did so within 12 to 24 months of referral to the Probation Service.

Probation re-offenders by time period to first re-offence %
0<623.1
6<1217.3
12<1817.8
18<2414.5
24<3014.4
30<3613.0
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4.4 Prisoner offender numbers and whether there was a re-offence within three years, 2008 and 2009 cohort
             
2008 cohort 2009 cohort  
Re-offence within three yearsRecidivism rate Re-offence within three yearsRecidivism rate Recidivism rate
  YesNoTotal% YesNoTotal% Absolute change
       
Total offenders2,8022,6875,48951.0 3,5633,9447,50747.5 -3.6
         
Sex         
Male2,5682,4154,98351.5 3,2543,5036,75748.2 -3.4
Female23427250646.2 30944175041.2 -5.0
         
Male age group     
 <21 years36526863357.746537684155.3 -2.4
 21-257836411,42455.01,0278671,89454.2 -0.8
 26-305544541,00855.06897121,40149.2 -5.8
 31-3533532065551.144451796146.2 -4.9
 36-4023922546451.527034361344.0 -7.5
 41-5022733656340.328644573139.1 -1.2
51-605112317429.36217924125.7 -3.6
61 +14486222.611647514.7 -7.9
      
Female age group        
 <21 years14203441.231407143.7 +2.5
 21-25655111656.09910019949.7 -6.3
 26-30457111638.86310016338.7 -0.1
 31-35485310147.5547112543.2 -4.3
 36-4030326248.427487536.0 -12.4
 41-5026356142.624709425.5 -17.1
51-60581338.59112045.0 +6.5
61 +12333.321366.7 +33.3
     
All persons age group        
 <21 years37928866756.849641691254.4 -2.4
 21-258486921,54055.11,1269672,09353.8 -1.3
 26-305995251,12453.37528121,56448.1 -5.2
 31-3538337375650.74985881,08645.9 -4.8
 36-4026925752651.129739168843.2 -8.0
 41-5025337162440.531051582537.6 -3.0
51-605613118729.97119026127.2 -2.7
61 +15506523.113657816.7 -6.4
           
Initial imprisonment offence           
01Homicide offences16183447.1 12253732.4 -14.6
02Sexual offences11637414.9 19719021.1 +6.2
03Attempts or threats to murder, assaults, harassments and related offences25118243358.0 25619945556.3 -1.7
04Dangerous or negligent acts20330250540.2 29251680836.1 -4.1
05Kidnapping and related offences741163.6 751258.3 -5.3
06Robbery, extortion and hijacking offences18224045.0 25133865.8 +20.8
07Burglary and related offences966215860.8 1285518369.9 +9.2
08Theft and related offences44128372460.9 48125273365.6 +4.7
09Fraud, deception and related offences357911430.7 4111015127.2 -3.5
10Controlled drug offences19220039249.0 22826048846.7 -2.3
11Weapons and explosives offences757214751.0 995615563.9 +12.9
12Damage to property and to the environment16412428856.9 19812832660.7 +3.8
13Public order and other social code offences54929083965.4 7164671,18360.5 -4.9
14Road and traffic offences (NEC)390715110535.3 5431,2881,83129.7 -5.6
15Offences against Government, justice procedures and organisation of crime22410332768.5 37324361660.6 -7.9
16Offences not elsewhere classified13016829843.6 14525640136.2 -7.5
Source: CSO

In 2009, 7,507 individuals (cases) were released from the custody of the Irish Prison Service.  Of these, 3,563 (47.5%) re-offended within a three-year period, a decrease from the 51.0% recorded in 2008. This fall is also visible, when considering the demographics of offenders. Male re-offending fell from 51.5% to 48.2% between 2008 and 2009 while female re-offending rates fell from 46.2% to 41.2%.

Of the 3,563 individuals who re-offended, the great majority (2,304 or 64.7%) did so within the first six months of official release from custody.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Prison re-offenders by months to first re-offence %
0<664.7
6<1214.8
12<189.0
18<245.2
24<366.4

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