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How We Travelled

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In 2016, females were more likely than males to travel by car as driver - 71.2% of journeys taken by females compared with 67.4% of journeys by males. This was different from 2013 and 2014 when males and females were equally likely to travel by car as driver. Females were nearly four times more likely to travel as a passenger in a private car than males at 7.5% and 2.0% respectively. On the other hand, males were substantially more likely to travel by lorry, motorcycle or other modes (6.4%) compared with just 0.2% of females. Slightly more males than females chose to walk - 14.9% of males compared with 14.3% of females. Travel by public transport (including bus, rail, DART and LUAS) was largely similar for both males and females. See table 2.1 and figure 2.1.

Distribution of
journeys by,
mode of travel and
gender 2016
MaleFemaleTotal
Private car-driver67.471.269.4
Private car-passenger27.54.9
Lorry/motorcycle/other incl taxi/hackney7.30.84
Walk / Cycle17.515.216.3
Public transport incl. bus, rail, DART and LUAS5.75.35.5
Show Table: 2.1 Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel and gender, 2013, 2014 and 2016

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In 2016, nearly two thirds of journeys (65%) taken by persons residing in densely populated areas were by car, driving to their chosen destination. This was lower than for intermediate density (71.5%) and thinly populated areas, where over three quarters of journeys (75.9%) were by car as driver. Journeys by public transport (bus, rail, DART or LUAS) taken by residents of densely populated areas were nearly three times greater than in thinly populated areas. Nearly 17% of persons living in densely populated areas walk to their chosen destination. In thinly populated areas, just over one in ten journeys involved walking as a mode of travel.  See table 2.2 and figure 2.2.

Distribution of
journeys by,
mode of travel and
degree of
urbanisation 2016
Densely populated areaIntermediate density areaThinly populated areaAll areas
Private car-driver6571.575.969.4
Private car-passenger4.65.15.34.9
Lorry/motorcycle/other incl taxi/hackney3.24.84.74
Walk / Cycle19.215.711.316.3
Public transport incl. bus, rail, DART and LUAS7.932.75.5
Show Table: 2.2 Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel and degree of urbanisation, 2013, 2014 and 2016

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Persons living in Dublin were significantly less likely to drive than those in the rest of the country. In 2016, over half of all journeys by Dubliners (54.4%) were by car as driver compared with over three quarters of journeys taken by those living in the rest of the country (76.2%). See table 2.3(a) and figures 2.3 and 2.4. Close to three quarters and above of journeys for all regions outside of Dublin were by car as driver. The Midland region was highest at 78.7%. See table 2.3(b).

Journeys by public transport for persons living in Dublin (13.1%) were nearly seven times greater than in the rest of the country (2%). Over one quarter of journeys made by Dubliners (25.5%) were by walking or cycling  - over twice the corresponding figure for persons living outside of Dublin (12.2%). Persons residing in Dublin were significantly more likely to walk as a mode of travel - nearly twice as likely compared with the rest of the country. Over one fifth of Dubliners (21.4%) walked as a mode of travel. See tables 2.3(a) and 2.3(b) and figures 2.3 and 2.4.

Distribution of
journeys by,
mode of travel
for Dublin 2016
2016
Private car
driver
54.4
Private car
passenger
4.3
Lorry
motorcycle
other
1.4
Walk
cycle
25.5
Public transport
incl. bus
14.5
""
Distribution of
journeys by,
mode of travel
for all regions
excluding Dublin 2016
2016
Private car driver76.2
Private car
passenger
5.1
Lorry
motorcycle
other
4
Walk
cycle
12.2
Public transport
incl. bus
2.5
Show Table: 2.3(a) Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel for Dublin and all regions excluding Dublin, 2013, 2014 and 2016

Show Table: 2.3(b): Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel by region, 2014 and 2016

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In 2016, more journeys were likely to be by car as driver for journeys of 15 minutes or less (73.5%).  Public transport (bus, rail, DART or LUAS) was more likely to be used for journeys with a longer duration - 14.8% of journeys of duration 31-45 minutes and 16.4% of journeys of 46-60 minutes duration were by public transport. Only a small proportion of journeys (1.6%) were by public transport for journeys with a duration of 15 minutes or less. Nearly one in ten journeys (9.5%) in excess of 60 minutes duration were by walking or cycling while this travel mode was used for nearly 18% of journeys of a quarter of an hour or less. See table 2.4 and figure 2.5.

Show Table: Table 2.4: Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel and duration, 2013, 2014 and 2016

Age GroupPrivate car - DriverPrivate car - PassengerWalk/CycleLorry/Motorcycle/Other incl. Taxi/hackneyPublic transport incl. bus, rail, DART and LUAS
15 minutes or less73.53.917.53.21.6
16-30 minutes65.95.416.74.57.5
31-45 minutes64.95.910.94.613.8
46-60 minutes61.75.512.93.616.4
>60 minutes61.210.29.58.110.9
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Walking or cycling was the mode used for nearly 45% of all journeys under two kilometres. There was a positive relationship between car usage and distance. For short journeys (less than two kilometres), over half of journeys were by car (52.6%), either as driver or passenger, whereas for longer journeys of eight kilometres or more, nearly nine out of ten (87.1%) were by car, either as driver or passenger. See table 2.5 and figure 2.6.

Show Table: Table 2.5: Percentage distribution of journeys by mode of travel and distance, 2013, 2014 and 2016

Age GroupPrivate car - DriverPrivate car - PassengerWalk/CycleLorry/Motorcycle/Other incl. Taxi/hackneyPublic transport incl. bus, rail, DART and LUAS
< 2 kilometres50.32.344.71.71
2<4 kilometres66.14.320.72.66.3
4<6 kilometres71.94.49.93.99.8
6<8 kilometres75.635.14.711.7
8+ kilometres80.26.91.55.55.8
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In 2016, nearly two thirds (64.4%) of all journeys were solo journeys while over one in five (21.5%) were two person journeys. Just over 14% were in groups of three persons or more. Less than 2% of all journeys were in groups of five or more persons. This pattern was largely similar for 2013 and 2014. See table 2.6 and figure 2.7.

Show Table: 2.6 Percentage distribution of travel group size 2013, 2014 and 2016

Percentage distribution
of travel group size,2016
2016
Solo journey64.4
Two person
journey
21.5
Three person
journey
7.8
Four person
journey
4.5
5+ person
journey
1.8
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Table 2.7: Percentage distribution of travel group size by mode of travel, 2013 , 2014 and 2016
Mode of travel2013 2014 2016Unweighted 2016 sample (journeys taken by persons aged 18 years or over)
Solo2 person3+ personsTotal Solo2 person3+ personsTotal Solo2 person3+ personsTotal
 %%%% %%%% %%%%
Private car69.483.385.474.8 68.785.284.274.4 69.281.887.074.215,255
Walk18.211.09.915.4 17.59.810.314.8 16.911.98.114.62,511
Bus4.72.42.03.8 5.52.22.54.4 5.21.92.74.2663
Cycle1.80.40.21.3 2.30.40.31.6 2.50.40.11.7273
Rail/Dart/Luas2.00.70.41.5 1.80.60.51.4 2.22.50.92.1349
Lorry/Motorcycle/Other3.92.22.23.3 4.21.92.23.4 4.11.51.13.2579
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0 100.0100.0100.0100.0 100.0100.0100.0100.019,630
1Lorry/motorcycle/other includes lorry, van, motorcycle, taxi, hackney and other modes of transport.
Data may be subject to sampling or other survey errors, which are greater in respect of smaller values.

In 2016, seven in every ten solo journeys (69.2%) were by private car. Where two or more persons are travelling together, travel by private car is the most common mode of travel - nearly 82% of journeys involving two persons and 87% of journeys of three persons or more were by car. Just over 8% of journeys where the mode of travel was walking or cycling were done in groups of three persons or more. This follows the same pattern as for 2013 and 2014. See table 2.7 and figure 2.8.

Travel Group sizePrivate car - DriverWalk/CycleLorry/Motorcycle/Other incl. Taxi/hackneyPublic transport incl. bus, rail, DART and LUAS
Solo69.219.44.17.4
2 persons81.812.31.54.4
3+ persons878.21.13.6
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Table 2.8: Percentage distribution of travel group size by purpose 2013 , 2014 and 2016
Purpose of travel 2013 2014 2016Unweighted 2016 sample (journeys taken by persons aged 18 years or over)
 Solo2 person3+ personsTotal Solo2 person3+ personsTotal Solo2 person3+ personsTotal
  %%%% %%%% %%%% 
Work 36.77.73.324.8 36.77.03.025.0 42.37.64.329.32,881
Education 4.74.34.94.6 4.93.34.94.5 4.13.14.74.0321
Shopping 22.624.819.922.7 23.528.019.924.0 20.925.421.421.92,525
To eat or drink 1.32.73.41.9 0.93.33.21.8 1.54.13.92.4247
Visit family/friends 8.812.113.310.2 9.212.315.110.8 7.011.311.28.6920
Entertainment/leisure/sports 8.111.614.19.8 8.011.814.99.9 7.511.513.29.21,014
Personal business 6.47.45.26.4 5.55.72.85.2 6.06.82.95.7703
Companion/escort journey 7.724.131.815.2 6.722.330.813.8 7.125.235.215.21,771
Other 3.85.44.04.2 4.66.35.55.1 3.64.93.33.8463
Total100.0100.0100.0100.0 100.0100.0100.0100.0 100.0100.0100.0100.010,845
Data may be subject to sampling or other survey errors, which are greater in respect of smaller values.

In 2016, over four out of every ten solo journeys (42.3%) were for the purpose of work, an increase of over five percentage points on 2014. Over one fifth (20.9%) of solo journeys were to go shopping. The preference for journeys for the purpose of visiting family or friends or for entertainment, leisure or sports was that they tended to be done in the company of another person. Nearly 23% of all two person journeys and close to one quarter of journeys involving three persons or more were for this purpose. See table 2.8 and figure 2.9.

PurposeWorkEducationShoppingVisit family/friendsEntertainment/leisure/sportsPersonal businessCompanion/escort journeyOther incl. eat or drink
Solo42.34.120.977.567.15.1
2 persons7.63.125.411.311.56.825.29
3+ persons4.34.721.411.213.22.935.27.2

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