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CSO statistical release, , 11am

Business Energy Use


Energy Consumption by Energy Product 2012-2016
€m ex. VAT
Energy Product20122013201420152016
Natural Gas1,7802,0401,7821,5861,709
Petroleum Fuels542532528436383
Solid Fuels554462453497489
Renewable Energy (incl. Waste)5963716979
Road Transport Fuels1,3561,4381,4031,3531,081
Rail Transport Fuels6165594938
Aviation Transport Fuels2,2691,7891,6711,2981,175

Electricity accounted for 34% of business energy costs in 2016

Figure 1: Distribution of Energy Consumption by Product 2016
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Purchases of electricity accounted for 34% of the total energy purchase costs by enterprises in 2016 (see Headline Table). Purchases of natural gas accounted for a further 23% followed by aviation transport fuels (16%) and road transport fuels (14%). Total energy costs rose from €8 billion in 2009 (the first year of this series) to €9.3 billion in 2012 but they have since decreased to €7.5 billion in 2016 (see Table 2C).

The mix of energy products used by Irish enterprises in 2016 is given in Figure 1. In terms of kilotonnes of oil equivalent (ktoe), natural gas accounted for 33% of the total ktoe with aviation fuels accounting for a further 24%. Solid fuels comprised another 14% and electricity an additional 13% (see Table 2A).

In monetary terms, the proportion of total fuel purchase costs accounted for by each energy product in 2016 was quite different than the ktoe distribution (see Tables 2A and 2C). This difference is partly accounted for by electricity being used for final energy consumption whereas a substantial proportion of natural gas is used for intermediate consumption to make electricity (see Table 4A).

This release is based on the National Accounts residence principle. This means that energy used abroad by enterprises resident in Ireland is included. Energy used in Ireland by foreign resident enterprises is not included. See Background Notes for more information.

The Industry sector accounted for 55% of total non-domestic energy consumption in 2016 in terms of ktoe. The energy products used by industry have a lower relative cost than those used by the Services sector. Hence the proportion of purchase costs accounted for by the Industry sector was 42% in 2016 compared with 58% of fuel purchase costs being paid for by the Services sector. The total consumption by industry and services increased by 8.2% in quantity terms (ktoe) in 2016 but fell by 4.6% in cost terms (see Tables 1A and 1B).

The use of energy from renewables and from waste increased from 216 ktoe in 2009 to 360 ktoe in 2016 or by 67% over the seven years (see Table 2A).